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Compliance Required to Start a Glass Products Manufacturing Business in India


Introduction: Glass Products Manufacturing

Nowadays, when the idea of starting a new business pops up, most of the world would prefer a field that is common and utilizes raw materials that are readily available for example, food, apparel, and automobiles. These ideas are highly accepted due to the large profits and demand it poses. However, another rising and profitable idea for a business would be starting a manufacturing glass product in India. Over the years, the usage of glass has significantly witnessed a steady rise. People have switched to Glass Plates, glasses and companies too prefer glass packaging beneficial and healthier. Hence, establishing a company that makes these glass products will turn out to be a good option and would generate ample revenue.

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Dealing with Glass Products manufacturing would be highly profitable but one must ensure to handle it with proper care as its equally dangerous. Therefore, before setting up a Glass Product Manufacturing business, there are certain Registrations, Licenses and Certifications that need to be obtained from the concerned authorities. This blog shall in detail entail all compliances needed before starting a Glass Products Manufacturing Business in India.

How is a Glass Product Quality determined?

Glassware and Glass Products are items that require proficient level of quality to be achieved before being sold. Manufacturers of Glass Products need to ensure the following aspects before deciding to put them up in the market for sale.

  • Resistance to heat

Glass Products must be built in a way that can sustain levels of heat in and around its surroundings. However, only certain types of glass can withstand a wide range of temperature differences. Typically, soda lime, silica sand, and a heat-resistant chemical are used to make it. The molten glass is then combined with boric oxide before being placed in a furnace to be prepared.

  • Resistance to pressure

The test procedures encompass determining the glass vessels' breaking strength under internal pressure. These testing procedures are designed to identify the pressure resistance of containers made to hold goods that are likely to produce a sustained pressure after processing.

  • Leakage and Closure Test

A glass product when build in order to hold liquid or any other product, must ensure that its cap is fit well and the product inside must not spill out of the glass item. Hence, a manufacturer shall run appropriate test on the glass product to avoid any such issue.


In order to prevent fracture formation and glass failure, heat treatments that permanently compress the surface of glass sheets have been devised. Glass is a brittle material, thus it's crucial that constructions made of it are designed to "break safely." This means that a single piece of glass breaking shouldn't cause an abrupt collapse or cause that piece of glass to fall unintentionally onto persons below. Glass design strategies try to reduce the risk of fracture to a manageable level and lessen the effects. Creating a structural glass design, testing is frequently a crucial step and thus would determine a product’s durability.

  • Anneal

The way glass responds to changes in temperature is one of its most distinguishing physical characteristics. It expands as it becomes hot and contracts when it gets cold. These activities put stress on the glass, particularly where there are large temperature differences between the inside and the surface. Glass must be carefully cooled over a predefined temperature gradient in order to release tensions that can cause shattering at ambient temperature. This enables homogeneous cooling of the inside and surface. The controlled cooling method known as annealing is used to reduce internal tensions in glass.

  • Thermal Shock Resistance

The capacity of a solid to survive abrupt temperature changes during heating or cooling is known as thermal shock resistance. Traditionally, after exposure to a furnace setting, thermal shock conditions can be replicated in the lab using either water or air.

  • Chemical Durability

The resistance of a glass surface to chemical hit by fluids encountered during the glass's service life is referred to as the chemical durability of glass.

What are the Compliances that need to be followed?

  • Registration and Incorporation of a Company

The first and foremost step before manufacturing any product in India, it is mandatory for a manufacturer to Register their company as per the regulations laid down by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. A company maybe registered as Private Limited, Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), or a One-Person-Company. Further, a company before starting its operations must be incorporated as per the Companies Act, 2013. Incorporation gives a company a legal identity.

  • GST Registration

Any business organization that registers under the GST Law must get a special identification number from the relevant tax authorities in order to collect taxes on behalf of the Government and claim input tax credits for the taxes paid on his inward supplies. A person cannot claim an input tax credit for taxes paid by him without first registering, nor can they collect tax from their clients. A GST registration business means it is legally entitled to supply goods and services.

  • Trade License

A trade license is a paper or certificate that authorizes a business to start a \ trade or business in a specific place. It makes sure that all safety regulations set forth by the State Municipal Corporation are followed when conducting business or engaging in commerce. It guards against any health risks affecting the locals.

  • MSME Registration

The Micro, Small and Medium (MSME) sectors benefit from a number of Government programs designed to support their expansion, thanks to MSME Registration. A developing nation like India relies heavily on its MSME industries to support its economy. These sectors expand along with the economy of the nation. These businesses are also referred to as small businesses.

  • Trademark Registration

The necessity to rebrand is eliminated when a business registers its trademark to prevent market impersonation of the manufactured glass product. Furthermore, if you wish to safeguard your rights and protect your intellectual property, trademark registration in India is necessary.

  • ISI Certification

The Indian Standards Institute is the symbol of product testing. Everyone is reassured by the ISI seal that your product is safe to use. The Indian subcontinent's most well-known certification mark is the ISI mark. The National body for the Certifications in India, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards), is responsible for creating the ISI mark.

  • FSSAI Certification for Glass Bottles

On the 3rd of January, 2013, the FSSAI observed that any material used to package, prepare, store, wrap, transport, sell, or serve food and that comes into direct contact with food or is likely to do so should be of food grade quality. Reusable glass bottles for food packaging should be strong enough and simple to clean or disinfect. Food products should not be in direct touch with printed surfaces on packing materials. Regulations provide that glass containers that are meant to be in touch with food products should, to the greatest extent feasible, be free of cords, seeds, and other obvious flaws as well as being free of blisters, mould markings, stones, and chipping. 

  • Pollution Certificate

Relevant Certificate from the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) shall be obtained in order to ensure that the glass waste created by the Business is properly disposed off without causing any hazards to the environment.

  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Certification

A company can benefit greatly from obtaining an ISO quality management certification by increasing production, efficiency, and customer happiness. The advantages of ISO, however, extend far beyond your operations to every facet of your company, such as sales and marketing, long-term planning, and staff engagement. A company that has received ISO Certification has been given the stamp of approval by a third-party agency for adhering to one of the worldwide standards created and published by the ISO.

  • TCLP Test

A chemical analysis procedure called the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) is used to identify the presence of dangerous components in Waste. The test simulates leaching through a landfill and can produce a score that can demonstrate whether or not the waste is hazardous to the environment.

  • ISTA Test

The International Safe Transit Association (ISTA) offers a set of test specifications that serve as sector-specific industry standards for package testing and replicate various distribution environments. It is used to test if the product and packaging can withstand the hazards of transport by simulating the environment in which a product being transported by a courier company would be located.

  • ASTM

The ASTM helps in assessing the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of metals, ASTM standards are essential. This knowledge directs product manufacturers toward appropriate application and processing techniques.

How Must Glass Products be packed?

Glass Products must be handled with utmost care as they are fragile and vulnerable to breakage if not handled properly. Following are a few methods to be followed during packaging of the materials-

  • The product must be capable of being held by them without losing any due to leakage, deterioration, or permeation.
  • During storage, they should provide protection from external factors like light, air, and moisture.
  • They should not be gas porous in any way.
  • They should be strong enough to handle handling, transportation, and other shocks.
  • They should facilitate efficient safe and convenient use of contents.
  • The content and the substance cannot interact.
  • Mold, germs, and other contaminants should be protected by the containers.
  • The material should be as inexpensive as feasible without sacrificing quality.
  • They need to make identification simple.
  • They ought to offer defense against bacteria, mold, etc.
  • Any substance contained should not be absorbed or adsorption by the container.
  • The container should be completely sealed off by the closure.
  • The closure should work well with the setup.


With the ban on plastics, consumers nowadays look for other environmentally friendly ways to store and transport their food and beverages. Instead of using disposable single-use plastic takeaway containers and bottles, they would choose to utilize glass, stainless steel boxes, or glass water bottles. Hence a business to manufacture glass products would prove to be beneficial and shall flourish if run with the appropriate compliances.

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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A Post Graduate in the field of Corporate and Commercial Laws. I  have worked as a freelance content writer for several Legal topics for over 5 years. I aspire to learn and grow in this field along with being able to portray my Legal skill...

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