ISI simple means Indian standards institute which has been setup to lay standards to maintain the integrity and know about the genuine nature of industrial item. It is a certified mark that ensures that the industrial and consumer good is of good quality and is safe to use. It is a well-known and recognized certification mark that verifies the quality of an industrial good in India.
The ISI mark is crucial for the certification of goods for the purpose of sale in India and is mandatory. To be able to qualify for ISI Certification the BIS criteria must be duly met by the requisite manufacturing company.
As per the Bureau of Indian Standards (Conformity Assessment) Regulations, 2018, the product is subject to fetching certificate to be able to provide assurance to the consumer or third party with respect to safety, quality and reliability of the product.
The appearance of the BIS certification mark, also known as the Standard Mark (ISI Mark), on a product guarantees that it complies with the specifications. After ascertaining compliance to the Norm, the manufacturer is required to self-certify the licensed items.
The Bureau keeps a close eye on the quality of certified products through its surveillance operations. Surveillance of the licensee's output is carried out at regular intervals, with surprise inspections and testing of samples taken from either the marketplace or the factory premises.
History of ISI Certification of Product
The Indian Standards Institution (ISI), then India's national standards body, was registered as a society in January 1947 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. Its mission was to establish and encourage norms for Indian industry. Eventually, the Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act, extended its scope to include Product Certification operation.
The BIS Act 1986 was enacted in the mid-1980s after it was felt appropriate to give ISI's operations statutory status. The Indian Standards Institute (ISI) was rechristened as the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in order to facilitate the production of standardization and quality certification of products in a cooperative fashion, with clearly specified procedural safeguards.
BIS is authorized to conduct compliance assessments of goods, services, systems, and procedures under BIS Act, 2016 and its Rules and Regulations.
Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme (FMCS)
Since about the year 2000, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has been administering a Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme (FMCS) under the garb of BIS Act, 2016 and its related Rules and Regulations.
The license is granted provided that the requisite good is applicable to the Indian standards. The standards may fall under either:
- Mandatory certification
- Voluntary certification