With the growing population of India, the number of people who visit hospitals and healthcare facilities is also on the rise, and with this comes bio-medical waste into the picture, whose poor management in the country has become a headache to the government. What exactly is biomedical waste? Well, as per the Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2016 biomedical waste means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps. Being Hazardous and infectious in nature, Biomedical waste comes under a special category of waste and that’s why it is treated separately in a common biomedical waste treatment & disposal facility.
Categories of Biomedical waste:
According to Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2016 India there are 10 categories of biomedical waste; every category is treated and disposed of according to their composition of waste.
Why it is necessary to treat biomedical waste?
Serious health hazards are associated with biomedical waste, if not treated properly. Untreated biomedical waste leads to the spread of infectious disease in humans & animals, it also pollutes the environment. It can cause water pollution, soil pollution, and air pollution, and when living beings are exposed to this polluted environment, they eventually get infected. At present, people are not aware of the hazards associated with biomedical waste & they also need to know the importance of biomedical waste management. Lack of awareness is also a reason for improper management of Biomedical Waste Management.
So, for the proper management of biomedical waste government came up with the idea of the Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility
What is a Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility & what is the importance of this facility?
A Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility or in simple words a biomedical waste management plant is a setup where biomedical waste generated from member healthcare facilities is treated to reduce the negative effect that can harm human health and the environment. The treated waste was finally sent for disposal in a secured landfill.
According to the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, "bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility" means any place where treatment, or disposal of bio-medical waste is carried out.
The CBWTFs are also required to work in a manner that ensures environmentally sound management of bio-medical with less impact on human health and the environment.