Call Us


Welcome to Corpseed. Please type your query, and we shall provide immediate assistance.


The Challenges and Opportunities of Green Hydrogen in India


Unleashing the Potential: Exploring the Challenges and Promising Opportunities of Green Hydrogen in India

India has reportedly set a target to achieve self-sufficiency by 2047 and reach net zero emissions by 2070. To accomplish this objective, it is crucial to prioritize the widespread adoption of renewable energy in all sectors of the economy. Green Hydrogen plays a significant role in facilitating this transition and acts as a catalyst for innovation. Hydrogen can be used to store renewable energy and as a viable alternative to fossil fuels in numerous industries, including clean transportation, decentralized power generation, aviation, and marine transport.

--------------Blog Contact Form-------------

Using renewable energy to produce hydrogen through electrolysis, green hydrogen offers a clean, sustainable alternative to fossil fuels. With India's ambitious renewable energy targets and vast solar and wind power potential, the country is well-poised to become a significant player in the green hydrogen revolution. 

In this article, we delve into the challenges and promising opportunities of unleashing the power of green hydrogen in India. As the world strives to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change, green hydrogen has emerged as a frontrunner in the race to decarbonize industries.

Understanding the Potential of Green Hydrogen in India

Green Hydrogen, produced using renewable energy, is a viable energy source that contributes to low-carbon emissions and economically promotes self-reliance. As a result, it can utilize renewable energy resources in various forms, such as fuel or industry feedstock, and has the potential to replace fossil fuels obtained from fertilizer production and petroleum refining, among others.

Moreover, green Hydrogen is a highly adaptable energy source that can effectively meet sustainable energy needs and requirements. The demand for green Hydrogen is expected to skyrocket to achieve net zero emissions, presenting both challenges and opportunities.

Types of Hydrogen Based on Extraction Methods

There are different types of Hydrogen based on the extraction methods, which are as follows-

  • Grey Hydrogen:- Grey Hydrogen is produced through coal or the Steam Methane Reformation (SMR) process, which uses natural gas or methane (grey). Both methods are carbon-intensive.
  • Green Hydrogen:- Green Hydrogen is produced through the electrolysis of water and using renewable energy to generate electricity. Hydrogen's carbon intensity depends on the electricity source's carbon neutrality. In other words, the more renewable energy used in the electricity fuel mix, the more environmentally friendly the resulting Hydrogen will be.
  • Blue Hydrogen:- Blue Hydrogen comprises the processes of coal gasification combined with carbon capture storage (CCS), which mainly contributes to minimizing carbon emissions.  

The challenges and opportunities of Green Hydrogen in India

India is the largest consumer in the energy sector and is striving towards sustainable alternatives to meet the ever-increasing demands. In this pursuit, green hydrogen emerges as the ultimate solution that has the potential to revolutionize the energy landscape. However, it is crucial to acknowledge that green hydrogen also poses various challenges that must be addressed. Let us now direct our attention towards these challenges.

  • Cost

It goes without mentioning how green hydrogen comes with a skyrocketing production cost. Significantly, the cost involved is relatively higher than the actual price of conventional hydrogen derived from fossil fuels. The reason might be the expensive electrolysis process, which requires hydrogen production using renewable energy resources.

The need for making green hydrogen cost-effective requires advancements in technology as well as infrastructure, followed by cost-reduction measures.

  • Infrastructure

Another challenge of green hydrogen in India is the lack of infrastructure to supplement the process, from production storage to distribution. As a need of the hour, one requires building a robust hydrogen infrastructure system equipped with hydrogen production plants, refuelling stations, and storage facilities.

However, we are financially restrained due to the lack of capital investment or partnerships between the government and private institutions. 

  • Scaling up

As much as it sounds fancy, it is equally cumbersome to find the production of green hydrogen. Since it is limited and does not suffice the ever-growing energy demands, it is a challenge to scale up the output to an unbeatable level. However, it is not impossible. All you require is employing renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind, along with the needed electricity for electrolysis.

Opportunities offered by Green Hydrogen in India

The below-mentioned factors are the opportunities offered by Green Hydrogen in India-

  • Reducing Carbon Emissions

Green hydrogen in India not only presents potential challenges, but it also holds the capacity to decrease carbon emissions in multiple sectors such as industry, transportation, and power generation. India, in its pursuit of meeting climate change obligations outlined in the Paris Agreement, is making advancements by embracing green hydrogen as a superior alternative to fossil fuels. Consequently, this presents an opportunity for India to establish itself as a frontrunner in promoting sustainable change.

  • Energy storage

Green hydrogen is emerging as a highly efficient energy source in India. This sustainable form of energy is obtained through the conversion of electricity generated from renewable sources, making it an environmentally friendly option. The versatility of green hydrogen allows it to be stored and utilized according to the energy requirements, especially during periods of low energy generation. This not only ensures a consistent and reliable energy supply but also contributes to reducing carbon emissions and promoting a greener future for India. Such an alternative comes with a reliable energy supply as well. 

  • Job creation and economic growth

Sometimes, the coming of the energy sources, such as green hydrogen, can catalyze innovation and opportunities. Not only does it cater to the ever-growing demands of energy, but it rests heavily on sharing employment opportunities leading to economic growth. You might have thought for a second, how can it lead to job creation?

Well, deploying green hydrogen technologies requires the assistance of skilled labor, with research and development, encouraging job creation across different sectors. The potential for green hydrogen might become the most significant contributor to India’s economic growth.

Government Initiative supporting Green Hydrogen

Green hydrogen in India is the catalyst in sustainability, which would facilitate and aim for green ambition, in its deep-rooted commitment to level up India’s economy. Keeping Climate goals in check, India has been declared as the fastest-growing economy with the maximum renewable capacity in the world. Besides, it has even emerged as one of the hubs inviting investments for the Renewables. 

By 2047, the country has set a mission to attain independence, or achieve Net Zero by 2070, and is making significant strides towards it. To broaden the scope of Green Hydrogen in India, the government has launched the National Green Hydrogen Mission, with the goal of establishing an ecosystem that can address the challenges and opportunities of Green Hydrogen in the country. 

The National Green Hydrogen Mission will be enhanced and implemented through an integrated approach via central and state government agencies. As a result, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy will directly supervise or look after the implementation of this government initiative. Within this, the departments will focus on those steps, that would unleash the achievement of the Mission objectives. 

Final Thoughts: Green Hydrogen in India

Hence, green hydrogen in India possesses vast untapped potential and is poised to become one of the most sustainable energy sources in the near future. However, it also comes with its own set of challenges and opportunities. Given that India is one of the largest consumers in the energy sector, it has actively joined the game and is committed to unlocking the maximum potential of green hydrogen. Not only does India aim to reduce carbon emissions, but it also recognizes the inherent strength of green hydrogen in driving economic growth. Therefore, it is actively pursuing both environmental sustainability and economic prosperity. Together, let us witness and embrace this revolutionary step that is yet to be taken in the energy sector, as we embark on a new era of clean and sustainable energy in India.

Read More:

EPR Certificate, Waste Management, BIS Registration, ISI Registration, ESG Reporting, E-waste Plant Setup, Plastic Waste Plant Setup, Drug License, CDSCO Registration, EPR in E-waste Management, EPR in Battery Waste Management, EPR in Plastic Waste Management, EPR in Tyre Waste Management, Import and Export Code

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


Get help from an experienced legal adviser. Schedule your consultation at a time that works for you and it's absolutely FREE.


Hansika Bhardwaj is a versatile writer, editor and poet.  She is a graduate of the University of Delhi with a specialisation in English Literature. As a cherry on the cake, she has worked with various companies dealing with various types o...

Learn More >>