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National Policy on Biofuels 2024



National Policy on Biofuels has been all the rage for quite a while. This was because India's homegrown energy needs generally relied upon imported raw petroleum. In 2018, the strategy was overhauled by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and was distributed as the National Policy on Biofuels. The arrangement intends to decrease oil imports by advancing homegrown fuel creation. To dive into its intricacies, we ought to know why the 'National Policy on Biofuels 2024' was brought into force. The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas 2018 introduced its ''National Policy on Biofuels'. As per this strategy, the  Government of India means to focus on the formation of local biofuel so it doesn't have to rely upon the ware of petroleum-based products from various countries. The methodology in 2018 was altered in 2022 and composed of new changes into it.

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In 2009, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy implied the possibility of a National Policy on Biofuels. In June 2022, the Central Government changed its unbiased 20% ethanol blending in oil consistently from 2030 to the year 2025. Likewise, more feedstocks were made qualified as hotspots for the development of biofuels.

To summarize, the  National Policy on Biofuels 2018 sets itself a visionary objective of 20% ethanol mixing in petroleum and 5% mixing in biodiesel in diesel toward the finish of 2030.

What do you understand about Biofuels and their Kinds?

Biofuels are hydrocarbon fuels that are either directly or indirectly extracted from organic matter. They are produced through a modern process from biomass rather than a gradual and slow geological process. They are used as the replacement of standard fuels i.e., fossil fuels. 

Biofuels come in two forms of matter of state which are liquid and gaseous used for transportation purposes. The  National Policy on Biofuels states the accompanying classifications of biofuels:

  • Basic Biofuels: These are original biofuels, for example, bioethanol and biodiesel.
  • Advanced Biofuels: These are second-age biofuels like Ethanol and Metropolitan Strong Waste to the drop-in-fuels.
  • Third-Generation Biofuels: Also known as, bio-CNG etc. These biofuels warrant the addendum of proper economic and monetary benefits under every category. 

This policy aims to make sure that sufficient and uninterrupted requirements of the domestic feedstock for the production of biofuel, addition in the income of the farmers, decrease in the import of biofuels, job creation, and moving from waste to treasure are met.

What Are The Major Amendments Made In The National Policy On Biofuels 2022?

The National Policy on Biofuels has acquired changes with additional headways and better development towards the improvement of the country by decreasing the import costs in this way, lifting the economy of India to more noteworthy levels. The alterations made in the  National Policy on Biofuels in 2022 are as per the following:

  • More Feedstocks

One of the revisions is that the public authority will permit more feedstocks to create biofuels.

  • Ethanol Blending Target

Rather than 2030, the Centre prepares with its ethanol mixing objective of 20% of petroleum containing ethanol by 2025-26. It will advance the creation of biofuels in the country, under the Make in India program, by units situated in Special Economic Zones (SEZ)/ Export Oriented Units (EoUs).

  • Addition of New individuals to the NBCC

The public authority has permitted the expansion of new members to the National Biofuel Coordination Committee (NBCC). NBCC was composed under the Chairmanship of the Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas (P&NG) to give full coordination, powerful start-to-finish execution, and observation of the biofuel program. NBCC has members from 14 varied ministries.

  • Biofuels Export

Authorization will be conceded for the product of biofuels in unambiguous cases.

What Is The Importance Of These Amendments?

Before we move forward, we need to understand why these amendments are significant to us and their incorporation into the National Policy on Biofuels is a boon to the Petroleum Industry. 

  • Support Make in India Drive

The proposed revisions are supposed to prepare for the Make in India drive subsequently prompting a decrease in the import of petroleum-based commodities by increasing more biofuels.

  • Advance the Atmanirbhar Bharat Drive

Since a lot more feedstocks are being considered for the creation of biofuels, this will advance the Atmanirbhar Bharat and give a catalyst to the Prime Minister’s vision of India becoming 'energy-free' by 2047.

  • Create More Employment Opportunities

Additionally, the proposed revisions are supposed to draw in and encourage advancements of native innovations which will prepare for the Make in India drive and generate more employment opportunities. 

What Are The Main Characteristics Of The National Policy On Biofuels 2018?

It extends the extent of natural substance for ethanol creation by permitting the utilization of sugarcane juice, sugar-containing materials like sugar beet, and sweet sorghum, starch-containing materials like corn, cassava, harmed food grains like wheat, broken rice, spoiled potatoes, ill-suited for human utilization for ethanol creation.

The Approach permits the utilization of surplus food grains to create ethanol for mixing with petroleum with the endorsement of the National Biofuel Coordination Committee.

With a push on Advanced Biofuels, the Strategy demonstrates a feasibility hole financing plan for 2G ethanol Bio treatment facilities of Rs. 5000 crore in 6 years notwithstanding extra duty motivations, and a higher price tag when contrasted with 1G biofuels.

What Are The Privileges Derived From The National Policy On Biofuels 2018?

Last yet not least, we should know the eventual outcomes of the National Policy on Biofuels and how it has assisted the raw petroleum and crude oil sector in developing enormously. Following are the benefits that we have derived from the consideration of the National Policy on Biofuels 2018:

  • It lessens the interest in imports.
  • Advances a cleaner climate by decreasing the consumption of harvests.
  • Cooking oil reuse can be utilized as an expected criticism for biodiesel.
  • Supports Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management.
  • Biofuel creation opens doors for job opportunities.
  • Transformation of excess grains and horticultural biomass can balance out costs and advance extra pay for ranchers.
  • It assists meet the energy discharge by focusing on a set by India under its 'Panchamrit' objectives in COP 26.


The National Policy on Biofuel is fundamental for dealing with the ecological emergencies related to non-renewable energy source creation. The powerful execution of the strategy will assist the country in meeting the Panchamrita objectives set by India during COP 26.

National Policy on Biofuels can be overseen by keeping an equilibrium of every one of the four ages of biofuels. Further, a hearty framework zeroing in on compelling waste assortment and supporting oil creation organizations will help.

To advance biofuels in the country, the first National Policy on Biofuels was made by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy during the year 2009. Worldwide, biofuels have stood out in the last ten years and it is basic to stay aware of the speed of advancements in the field of biofuels. This  Ministry of New and Renewable Energy- 2018 expands on the accomplishments of the previous National Policy on Biofuels and sets the new plan reliable with the reclassified job of arising advancements in the sustainable area. This arrangement expects to acquire a restored focus taking into setting the worldwide viewpoints and public situation.

The arrangement supplants India's 2009 National Biofuel Policy. Expanding on the revised National Policy on Biofuels, India distributed a "Roadmap for Ethanol Blending in India 2020-25".

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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A content writer with a degree in B.A LL.B. (Hons.) and LL.M. (Constitutional and Administrative Law) from NLIU, Bhopal. Apart from content writing, she is an avid reader, poet, and painter.

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