E-Waste is an abbreviated term used to denote Electronic Waste. E-waste is electronic products that are unwanted, not working, and nearing or at the end of their “useful life.” Computers, TV sets, stereos, photocopy machines, and printers are everyday electronic products.
According to the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 'E-Waste' means any electrical and electronic equipment, whose life has been ended or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from the manufacturing industry, refurbishment industry, and repair processes.
Scenario of E-Waste Production in India
Electronic waste is spreading a very serious public health and environmental issue in India. India is the “fifth-largest electronic waste producer in the world”. It is estimated that 2 million tons of e-waste is generated annually and an unrevealed number of electronic products is imported from other countries around the world when the life of these products finishes, they account for E-Waste.
Different category electronic items contribute to E-Waste annually, Personal Computing Devices accounts for around 70% of e-waste, telecom sector accounts for 12% E-Waste, 8% from medical equipment, and 7% from electric equipment.
The Government division, public division companies, and private division companies produce nearly 75% of electronic waste, with the contribution of individual households is only 16%.
What is an E-Waste Recycling Plant?
Before we talk about what is E-Waste Recycling Plant first talk about what is E-Waste recycling, E-waste recycling is the reuse and reprocessing of electrical and electronic equipment of any type that has been rejected or regarded as end of life products. E-Waste includes: home equipment such as TV Sets, Refrigerators, printer, fans, Radios and information technology equipment such as computers, mobile phones, laptops, batteries, circuit boards, hard disks, and monitors among others; and other electronic utilities such as luxurious electrical equipment, lighting equipment, and gaming equipment.
Awareness in Recycling of E-Waste is growing nowadays and was started to prevent humans and environment from the adverse effect of electronic Waste.
An E-Waste recycling plant is a facility where end-of-life electronic products is transported for recycling purpose. The E-Waste collected from the consumers is transported to the E-Waste recycling plant for segregation, dismantling, treatment & disposal.
Environmental Laws Applicable for Setting Up an E-Waste Recycling Plant
- Before establishing an E-Waste Recycling Plant, the occupier of the recycling plant has to take permission from the concerned department. The Concerned department after scrutinizing all the documents of the project proponent makes the decision to grant or reject the permission.
- The Consent to Establish under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.