With more than 1.4 billion people living in India, it stands second only to China in the list of the most populated countries in the world. Being in such a position gives India certain advantages over others and a larger supply of human resources is surely one among them. But at the same time, the problems that come with it way outweigh them. High demand for food, water, housing, and health care and not to forget to include the issues regarding waste generation and its management are now some of the biggest challenges before the government of India.
To have a better understanding of the issue regarding waste generation, let us take some help from the statistics. As per the reports, an average of 0.7 KG/day of waste will be generated in 2025 by every citizen living in the urban areas of the country and what’s shocking here is that this figure is approximately four to six times higher than that of 1991. In fact, India is currently generating sixty-two million tons of waste, including both recyclable and non-recyclable, and this is expected to grow further at an annual rate of four percent as per the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change.
All these make the effective management of waste way significant and considering this, the Indian government has recently put multiple measures in place, including EPR certification under the waste management rules.