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Good Investment Strategies And How to Avoid Risk

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Introduction

An Investment strategy means guidelines of decisions of the investor which are generally based on his goals, risk tolerance and capital needs in future. It various from strategy to strategy. If an investor is focused on capital appreciation then the strategy would seek rapid growth and sometimes they focus on wealth protection, which is a low-risk strategy.

Another really huge component of any strategy is risk. It also depends from person to person, some are risk-averse while some have high tolerance for risk. It is advisable that the investor work within the overarching rule, that is, risk only what one can afford to lose. But again, another rule of thumb says that the potential returns are higher if the risk is higher and one investment might be riskier than other investments. There may be investment that might guarantee no loss of money but earning opportunity would be minimal as well. It can be said that risk and earning are inversely proportional to each other.

The best investing strategy is the one that will work as per the investor’s objectives and risk tolerance maybe does not produce a historical return but would definitely serve the investor’s objectives. The best strategy is the one, which works best for a person. Metaphorically saying, just like a food diet. What an investor doesn’t want is to implement a strategy and then wish to abandon the same for some other strategy or anything trending online. An investor shall stick to time-tested basics rather than some too-good-to-be true flavors of the month. Just like clothes, person shall choose comfortable and would last a long time than something expensive and tailor made, especially if the objective of the investment is long term. Before adapting any investment, food diet or clothes strategy, choose it as per one’s personality and style. One must choose the investment strategies, style and tactics that would help as per his needs. Some theories are mentioned and explained here, they are also really helpful in building a portfolio of mutual funds or ETFs.

Read our Blog: Registration of Mutual Fund with SEBI

Growth Investment

We start with investment growth using basic analysis because it is one of the oldest and most basic investment strategies. It is an effective investment strategy that involves analysing of the financial statements and priorities of a company behind the stock. This investment model aims to build a portfolio of 10 or more shares, rather than choosing an index fund.

It can be very time consuming for a beginner to do enough quality research to be successful in this investment strategy; however, this strategy, or variation, is a bread and butter operation performed by many professional fund managers to make a return to their work.

Growth stocks usually perform well in the mature stages of the market cycle where the economy grows at a healthy rate. The growth strategy reflects what companies, consumers, and investors are all doing at the same time in a healthy economy - achieving the highest expectations for future growth and spending more money to do so. Also, technology companies are good examples here. They are kept very high but can continue to grow beyond those levels where the environment is right.

Data from financial statements is used to compare past and current data for a particular business or other entity in the sector. By analysing the data, the investor can come up with a fair measure (the value) of a particular stock and determine whether the stock is a good buy.

Active trading

It is a difficult technique, success rate is quite less. Only less than 5% of those who try to have it have some success in it, and less than 1% of traders can make a huge profit, but those who succeed in getting those returns can make a lot of money. This technique is the one capable of creating rags to riches. The most widely used tool in effective trading is a form of technical analysis. This research tool focuses on changes in stock prices, not on rates associated with the underlying business. Therefore, marketers can benefit from very short walks and have the opportunity to use energy with their strategies.

Traders can work at any given time from months, to days to minutes or seconds. They usually use pricing data from exchange feeds or from chart platforms to identify the latest pricing patterns and related market trends. They use this to try to predict future price movements. As there is no indication of error, the trader should establish limits on acceptable risk levels, rewards, and losses for their trading. While technical analysis can be a key tool for active traders, and fundamental analysis can be a key tool for growing investors, supporters of both camps use both of these tools frequently.

The slower and more efficient form of trading that is more acceptable to professional investors can be employed in specialized funds and individual investors as well. This strategy is known as energy investment. The strategy acknowledges that even random price movements are self-evident and can be capitalized. Long-term investments that are intended to last a few months can be started with the expectation that momentum will continue to build and that price will continue to rise. In general, and especially with shared funds designed to take a proactive investment strategy, the idea is to "buy high and sell high." For example, a mutual fund manager may require growth stocks to display price-fix values ??in anticipation that inflation will continue.

Buy and Hold

Buy and hold investors believing that "time in the market" is a clever way to invest rather than "setting the time in the market." The strategy is used to buy investment securities and long-term securities because the investor believes that long-term returns can make sense despite the volatility of short-term volatility. This strategy is in contrast to the full-time market, which usually has the investor buying and selling in short periods of time with the intention of buying at low prices and selling at high prices.

A buyer and holder investor will argue that long-term holdings require more uncommon trading than other strategies. Trading costs are therefore reduced, which will increase the overall return of the investment portfolio.

Portfolios that use a buying and holding strategy have been called lazy portfolios due to low maintenance, passive nature.

Core and Satellite: Core and Satellite is a common and time-tested investment portfolio containing "basic," like large-cap stock index mutual fund, representing the largest portion of the portfolio, and other types of funds - "satellite funds" - each with smaller portfolio components to create all. The main purpose of this portfolio design is to reduce the risk of variability (placing your eggs in different baskets) while doing well (to get higher returns than) a standard performance benchmark, such as the S&P 500 Index. In short, the Core and Satellite portfolio will hopefully achieve higher profits at lower risk than investment.

Dave Ramsey's Portfolio: Famous speech presenter and respected financial manager Dave Ramsey has backed up his four strategies to fund his audience and fans' fund. Dave’s wisdom is his simplicity; his delivery and his financial means are easy to understand. However, wisdom stands there. These four types of mutual fund tend to find a fundraiser, which means there is little variation. In addition, low-risk assets, such as bonds and cash, are not entirely in the portfolio.

Modern Portfolio Theory: The Portfolio Theory (MPT) is an investment method where an investor tries to take a very low level of market risk in order to hold high returns for a particular invested portfolio. An investor who follows the principles of MPT can use the main and satellite method, as described above. The essence of the investment philosophy, every investor would like to get the highest return without taking too much risk. But how can this be done? The short answer is variation. Depending on the MPT, an investor may hold a certain type of asset, mutual fund, or high risk for each other but, when combined with other types of assets or investments, the entire portfolio can be measured in such a way that its risk is less than other underlying assets or investments.

Post-Modern Portfolio Theory (PMPT): The difference between PMPT and MPT is the way they define risk and build portfolios based on this risk. MPT sees risk as equity; portfolio building is combined with a wide range of investments with varying risk levels to obtain a reasonable return. It’s a great visual concept of risk and recovery. PMPT investor sees risk as unequal; how investors feel about losses is not a direct reflection of how they feel about profits, and each economic and market environment is different and emerging. The PMPT sees that investors do not always act rationally. The PMPT, therefore, looks at the ethical characteristics of a group of investors, not just the statistical model followed by MPT.

Strategy Asset Sharing: Strategy asset allocation is a combination of many previous styles mentioned here. It is an investment method in which the three main categories of assets (stocks, bonds, and currencies) are measured and adjusted by the investor with the aim of increasing portfolio return and reducing risk against the ratio, as a reference. This investment model differs from technical analysis and fundamental analysis is that it focuses on asset allocation and secondly on investment selection. This is the view of the big picture for good reason, at least from the perspective of the investor opting for strategic asset allocation.

Value Investing

Mutual and ETF investors can use a basic investment strategy or style by using stock value investments. In simple terms, a value investor wants stocks that sell "at a discount;" they want to get a transaction. Instead of wasting time searching for stocks and analyzing a company's financial statements, a corporate fund investor can buy index money, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), or actively held funds that hold value shares. However, this protection still has the same market and financial risks as stocks do, and therefore appropriate promotion is still needed.

Bottom line

Choosing an investment strategy or style is no different than investing options: Each investor is different and the best strategy is the one that best serves their different investment objectives and risk tolerance. The information here is for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as investment advice. This information does not, in any case, indicate the purchase or sale of securities.

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Author
Shamshad Alam
Experienced Digital Marketer with a demonstrated history of working in the internet industry. He likes to write about the latest technology trends, Skilled in Digital Marketing likes. Search Engine Optimization, SMO, SEM, PPC, Content Writing, and, Designing, etc.