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End of Life Period of Electrical and Electronics Equipment

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Introduction:

As per industry estimates, India economy produced nearly 18 lakh matric tones of e-waste in the year 2016 which comes out to be around 12 percent to the global e-waste production, India is the fifth largest producer of E-waste in the world and recycles less than two percent of total E-waste it produces annually.

The government introduced Extended Producer Responsibility which makes producer liable to collect 30 percent to 70 percent (Over seven years) of the e-waste they produce ---ASSOCHAM-KPMG joint study.

Nearly 70% of e-waste generated from computer device, with the contribution of telecom sector being 13%, electric equipment being 9% and medical equipment being 8%, of the annual e-waste production. The Government companies, public companies, and private companies generate nearly 76% of electronic waste; with the contribution of individual household being only 16%.

For more Information;- http://www.moef.gov.in/sites/default/files/EWM%20Rules%202016%20english%2023.03.2016.pdf

Despite the government emphasis on Clean India, India Contribute the highest E-waste in Respect of China, USA, Japan, Germany.

In India, Maharashtra is the producer of largest e-waste of 19.8% but recycles only about 47810 TPA (Tonnes Per Annum) whereas its counterparts Tamilnadu 13% recycles about 52427 TPA, Utter Pradesh 10.1% recycles about 86130 TPA, West Bangle 9.8%, Delhi 9.5%, Karnataka 8.9%, Gujrat 8.8%, and Madhya Pradesh 7.6% --the joint study of ASSOCHAM-NEC 

E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, set the principal for Extended Producers Responsibility wherein the producer of electrical and electronic equipment has the responsibility of managing such equipment after its ‘end of life’, thus the producer is responsible for their products once the Consumer discards them.  Extended Producer Responsibility minimizes the environmental impact by encouraging them to find ways to reduce the pollution.

1. Information Technology and Telecommunication Equipment

S.NO

Particulars

Product code

Average life(Year)

1

Centralized data processing

ITEW1

 

2

Mainframe

ITEW1

10

3

Minicomputer

ITEW1

5

4

Personal Computing: Personal Computers  (Central Processing Unit with input and output devices)

ITEW2

6

5

Personal Computing: Notebook Computers

TEW4

5

6

Personal Computing: Notepad Computers

ITEW5

5

7

Printers including cartridges

ITEW6

10

8

Copying equipment

ITEW7

8

9

Electrical and electronic typewriters

ITEW8

5

10

User terminals and systems

ITEW9

6

11

Facsimile

ITEW10

10

12

Telex

ITEW11

5

13

Telephones

ITEW12

9

14

Pay telephones

ITEW13

9

15

Cordless telephones

ITEW14

9

16

Cellular telephones

ITEW15

 

17

Feature phones

ITEW15

7

18

Smart phones

ITEW15

5

19

Answering systems

ITEW16

5

 

2. Consumer Electricals and Electronics

S.NO

Particulars

Product Code

Average Life(Year)

1

Television sets

CEEW1

9

2

Refrigerator

CEEW2

10

3

Washing Machine

CEEW3

9

4

Air-conditioners excluding centralized air conditioning plants

CEEW4

10

5

Fluorescent and other Mercury containing  lamps

CEEW5

2

The aforementioned tables shows the average product life of electrical and electrical equipment, after the end of life it converts in waste, electrical and electrical equipment contains a plethora of toxic components including cadmium, lead, mercury , it affects the nearly every system in the human body, Polybrominated flame retardants,barium, and lithium, even the plastic casing of electronic product contains polyvinyl chloride.

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E-waste Management

Environmentally sound management related to E-waste  includes Collection of e-waste is of prime important work. Collection centre can be open  to collect the E-waste individually or jointly or it can be a society registered under societies act  or a designated agency or a company or an association, thus there is enough scope for evolving various ways in which a collection centre can be set up and functional.

Environmentally Sound Dismantling and Recycling of E-waste
  • The E-waste  gather from  information technology and telecommunication equipment such as Centralized data processing, Mainframes, Minicomputers, Personal computing, Personal computers including Central processing unit with input and output devices, Laptop computers including Central processing unit with input and output devices, Notebook computers, Notepad computers, Printers including cartridges, Copying equipment, Electrical and electronic typewriters, User terminals and systems, Facsimile, Telex, Telephones, Pay telephones, Cordless telephones, Cellular telephones, Answering systems including TVs can contain up to 60 different elements of which some are valuable some are hazardous/toxic and some are both.

  • Environmentally friendly recycling/ Re-Processing of e-waste begin with dismantling where the gathering of hazardous substance /chemical is reduced followed by recycling and recovery of the material of economic value and then disposal of the residue in Treatment Storage & Disposal facility.

Procedure for storage of E-waste
  • Every manufacturer, producer, bulk consumer, collection centre, dealer, refurbisher, dismantler and recycler may store the e-waste for a period not exceeding 180 days and shall maintain a record of collection, sale, transfer and storage of wastes and make these records available for inspection.

  • Provided that the concerned State Pollution Control Board may extend the said period up to 365 days in case the waste needs to be specifically stored for development of a process for its recycling or reuse.

For more information on E-waste, Click Corpseed E-waste Authorization 

Reduction in the use of hazardous substances in the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment
  • Every producer of electrical and electronic equipment and their components or consumables or parts or spares listed in Schedule I shall ensure that, new Electrical and Electronic Equipment and their components or consumables or parts or spares do not contain Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Hexavalent Chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers beyond a maximum concentration value of 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials for lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, Polybromanated biphenyls and Polybromanated  diphenyl ethers and of 0.01% by weight in homogenous materials for cadmium.

  • Components or consumables or parts or spares required for the electrical and electronic equipment placed in the market prior to 1st May, 2014 may be exempted from the provisions of sub-rule (1) of rule 16 provided Reduction of Hazardous Substances compliant parts and spares are not available

  • Every producer while seeking Extended Producer Responsibility – Authorization will provide information on the compliance of the provisions of sub-rule (1) of rule 16. This information shall be in terms of self-declaration.

  • Every producer of applications listed in Schedule II shall ensure that the limits of hazardous substances as given in Schedule II are to be complied.

  • Imports or placements in the market for new electrical and electronic equipment shall be permitted only for those which are complaint to provisions of sub-rule (1) and sub rule (4) of rule 16

  • Central Pollution Control Board shall publish the methods for sampling and analysis of Hazardous Substances as listed in sub-rule(1) of rule 16 with respect to the items listed in Schedule I and II and also enlist the labs for this purpose.

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Author
Vinay Singh
Vinay Thakur is Managing Partner in Corpseed. He focused on payments, digital transformation, and financial technology for over 15 years and holds strong expertise on fintech startups, banking innovation, and investors with a keen understanding of the trends and activities of startups, banks, and investors in the space.