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All about Tax Deducted at Source – TDS Meaning, Filing, Return & Due Dates



Essentially, TDS is the major part of the income tax service. An any individual must subtract it from specific payments if they get any type of issue. We shall go into great detail on the Income Tax Act's Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) requirements in this article.

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What does TDS actually mean?

The method used by the parties making the instalment payments to deduct salary charges from some instalments-like rent, commission, expert costs, pay, and interest-is called Tax Deducted at Source (TDS). For the most part talking, pay charge is paid by the individual who is making a wage. Be that as it may, by utilizing the Tax Deducted at Source rules, the government makes beyond any doubt that wage charge is subtracted from your instalments ahead of time.

After subtracting TDS, the individual who gets salary gets the remaining sum. The beneficiary will deduct the whole sum from their profit, and the TDS sum will be utilized towards their by and large charge commitment. On his sake, the beneficiary demands credit for the sum deducted and paid. This will offer assistance the government collect charges on time and successfully screen exchanges.

What are the Primary Purpose Serve TDS?

There are two types of Primary purpose serves by TDS Tax Deducted at Source are mentioned below:

  • Revenue Collection: TDS ensure a fast flow of revenue to the government by the collecting all taxes in advance from the income and also it earned by an individuals or entities 
  • Monitoring and Compliances: TDS also help in analysing and make sure tax compliance by acquired the deduct or tax at the time of making payments. It acts like a mechanism to keep track of kinds of various transactions and helps in preventing tax evasion.

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is ordered for different sorts of instalments, counting compensation, intrigued, lease, proficient expenses, commissions, legally binding instalments, profits, among others The primary rates at which TDS is deducted may change according on the kind of instalment plan and the requirements of the Income Charge Act. It is critical to recognise that being close to TDS does not relieve an individual of the requirement to submit a Salary Charge Return (ITR).

Regardless of whether TDS has been withheld, an individual's income must be reported on an ITR if it over the necessary exemption threshold. Let's examine the scenario where TDS is established using an individual's compensation profit to demonstrate this. 

It is fundamental to assess that a person's proximity to TDS does not absolve them of their need to provide a Salary Charge Return (ITR). If a person's salary exceeds the necessary exemption threshold, it must be documented.

Why TDS Deduction is mandatory?

The need of implementing the system of TDS is because of the kinds of various types of benefits it possesses. They have been mentioned below:

  • The government claims that in order to curb tax evasion, TDS must be implemented. The person who is providing the money, not the one receiving it, is responsible for paying the tax, according to the TDS plan. As a result, collecting taxes and keeping an eye on taxpayers is easier for the government than managing a large number of income beneficiaries.
  • A further advantage is that the government doesn't have to wait until tax return season to get funding—rather, it gets a steady flow of revenue all year long.
  • From the standpoint of the average individual, such as ourselves, taxes are withheld under the TDS system when income is earned at various points during the year. Therefore, you don't have to be concerned about breaking the bank by paying the tax all at once.

How and when to file TDS returns?

Filing the Tax Deducted at source returns is very mandatory process for all and each persons who owns deducted TDS. TDS returns have to submit annually and kinds of various details like need to be furnished such as RAN, how much amount of TDS deducted, type of payments, PAN and deducted, etc. Also there are different forms are to be prescribed for filling returns of depending upon the purpose of the deduction of TDS. Various types of return which are need are all mention below:

Form Number Transactions Reported In The Return Due Date
Form 26Q Tax Deducted at Source on all payments salaries Q1 – 31st July 
Q2 – 31st October 
Q3 – 31st January 
Q4 – 31st May
Form 24Q Salary on TDS Q1 – 31st July 
Q2 – 31st October 
Q3 – 31st January 
Q4 – 31st May
Form 27Q TDS detects on all payments made to NON-RESIDENTS except salaries Q1 – 31st July 
Q2 – 31st October 
Q3 – 31st January 
Q4 – 31st May
Form 26 QB Sale of property on TDS 30 days from the end or complete  of the month in which TDS is deducted
Form 26 QC Rent on TDS 30 days from the end or complete of the month in which TDS is deducted

When Should TDS be Deducted and by whom?

  • TDS Finding Exclusion Criteria: When making any of the instalments indicated in the Wage Charge Act, it is obligatory for all individuals to deduct TDS Individuals or HUFs are not required to deduct TDS while paying in instalments as long as their business or professional transactions do not exceed Rs.1 crore or Rs.50 lakhs, respectively.
  • Rent Instalment TDS Rules: Indeed if they are not qualified for a assess review, people and HUFs that pay lease over Rs50,000 a month are all things considered required to deduct TDS at the rate of 5%. In a comparable vein, people and HUFs that must deduct TDS at a rate of 5% are absolved from they require to apply for TANs. TDS is withheld by your manager in understanding with the appropriate salary assess piece rates. TDS deductions from banks are 10%. However, they might subtract 20% if they don't have your Dish data.
  • Rates and Exclusions for TDS: TDS rates for the majority of instalments are established by the pay charge law, and the payer deducts TDS in accordance with these rates.. You won't be required to pay charges if your assessable salary is less than the cap and you can appear your manager verification of ventures. In this manner, there ought to be no conclusion made from your benefits for any assess withheld at source.
  • TDS Exclusion and Discounts: So also, you can halt the bank from deducting TDS on your intrigued profit by giving them Shapes 15G and 15H if your add up to salary is less than the assessable restrain. You can record a return and get the TDS sum if you add up to wage is underneath the assessable level, you haven't given your boss any verification, or if your bank or boss has as of now deducted TDS. The entirety list of assigned instalments, along with the pertinent TDS rate, that are qualified for TDS deduction.

What is the Due Date for Depositing the TDS to the Government?

The TDS deducted must have to be deposited to the government be the 7th of the at a subsequent month

For Example: If once the TDS deducted in the month of May must be paid to the government by the 7th of June. In whatever way, the TDS has been  deducted in the month of June can be deposited till 30th july. For TDS tax deducted at source deducted on buying of property, the TDS payment due date is 30 days from the complete or end of the month in which TDS is deducted.

What are type of payments are covered under the TDS scheme?

There are various kinds of payments are defined comes under the Income Tax Act on, which tax deductions supplying are also get attracted like salary payments (to residents/non-residents),another then the salary payments like their interests, dividends, rents, commissions, lottery, winnings, royalty etc.

For your better understanding, we have made a short summary table of all the sections with their mentioned number, name, rate of tax deductions. Which their simply means there is no need to for deducting of TDS 

In the below table, you can easily simply understand  on the relevant section to know more about it in-detail.

Brief Overview of all the TDS Provisions for F.Y 2022-23 (2023-24)

S. No. TDS Sections Nature of Payments Payer (Deductor) Payee (Deductee) Rate of TDS Exemption Limit (No TDS to be Deducted upto threshold limit mentioned)
1 Section 192 Salary on TDS Any Person Employee(R or NR) Applicable Income Tax Slab Rates Basic GTI exemption limit of Rs.250000 or Rs.300000 or Rs.500000 as the case may be.
2 Section 192 A From Provident fund and TDS on premature withdrawal fund Any Person Employee 10% (If no PAN then MMR i.e. 35.535%) Amount is less than Rs.50000
3 Section 193 TDS on interests and  TDS securities  Any Person Any Resident Person 10% Upto Rs.5000 in a financial year (FY) for Individual/HUF in the case of Debentures.
4 Section 194 TDS on Dividends Domestic Company Resident Person 10% Upto Rs.2500 in a FY (for Individual)
5 Section 194A TDS on Interest (another than Interest on Securities)  Any Person(Other than Individual/HUF not liable to tax audit in last PY) Resident Person 10% Up to Rs.10,000 (for payments made by banks, cooperative banks or on post office deposits) and up to Rs.5000 (for other cases). [In case of a senior citizen, the limit of Rs 10,000 shall increase to Rs. 50,000 w.e.f. 1.4.2018]
6 Section 194B TDS on Winnings from Lottery or Crossword Puzzles Any Person Any Person 30% Up to Rs.10000
7 Section 194 BB TDs on the winning from Races Horses Any Person Any Person 30% Up to Rs.10000
8 Section 194C TDS on Payment to Contractors Any Person(Other than Individual/HUF not liable to tax audit in last PY) Any Resident Person

1% (for Individual/HUF)

2% (other person)

Up to Rs.30000 for individual payment.
Up to Rs.100000 for total amount during a FY.
9 Section 194 D TDS on Insurance Commission Insurance Company Resident Agent

10% (if deductor is company)

5% (if deductor is resident person other than company)

Up to Rs.15000 during FY
10 Section 194DA TDS on Payment in Respect of Life Insurance Policy Any Person Any Resident Person 1% up to Rs.100000
11 Section 194E TDS on Payments to Non-Resident Sportsmen or Sports Association Any Person


  • Sportsmen
  • Sports Association
  • Entertainer
20% No exemption limit.
12 Section 194EE TDS on Payment for Deposit Under NSS Any Person Any Person 10% Upto Rs.2500
13 Section 194G TDS on Commission on Sale of Lottery Tickets Any Person Any Person 5% Upto Rs.15000
14 Section 194H TDS on Commission or Brokerage Any Person(Other than Individual/HUF not liable to tax audit in last PY) Any Resident Person 5% Up to Rs.15000
15 Section 194H TDS on Rent Any Person(Other than Individual/HUF not liable to tax audit in last PY) Any Resident Person

2% (on rent paid for use of machinery, plant or equipment)

10% (other cases)

Up to Rs. 240000 during the FY
16 Section 194IA TDS on Payment on Transfer of Immovable Property (Not Being an Agricultural Land) Any Person (Other than person referred to in section-194LA) Any Resident Person 1% Less than Rs.50,00,000
17 Section 194IB TDS on Payment of Rent by Certain Individuals or HUF Individual & HUF(Other than covered u/s 194 I) Any Resident Person 5% Upto Rs.50000 per month
18 Section 194 IC TDS on Payment Made Under Specified Agreement Any Person Any Resident Person 10% No exemption limit
19 Section 194J on Fees for Professional or Technical Services Any Person(Other than Individual/HUF not liable to tax audit in last PY) Any Resident Person


2% (in case of payment of fees for technical service {not being a professional service} or made to the business of operating a call centre or royalty paid for sale, distribution, or exhibition of cinematographic films.

Up to Rs.30000 during FY (the separate limit for each kind of payment)
20 Section 194LA TDS on Payment of Compensation on Acquisition of Certain Immovable Property Any person Any Resident Person 10% Upto Rs. 2,50,000
21 Section 195 TDS on Payment of Compensation on Acquisition of Certain Immovable Property Any person NR or Foreign Company Rate as specified in Act or DTAA No exemption limit
22 Section 1940 TDS on Payments Made to e-commerce Participants An e-commerce operator An e-Commerce participant 5% Rs 5 lakh is set only for resident individuals and HUF, who has furnished PAN or Aadhaar to e-commerce operator.

How to Download TDS Statements?

Follow the mentioned guide which is for uploading TDS statements on the Income Tax Department website:

  • Go and Visit Income Tax website. Login with your TAN.
  • Then have to Select e-File > Income Tax Forms > File Income Tax Forms on the dashboard
  • After that Select the relevant form and fill in the details
  • Then Validate the return using either DSC or EVC.

How can one get the exemption from TDS?

TDS risk can as it were be maintained a strategic distance from if your pay is beneath the fundamental exclusion constrain. Two strategies are accessible for a citizen dwelling in the nation to anticipate TDS obligation on intrigued profit. These comprise of:

  • Form 15G is for inhabitant citizens who are beneath 60 a long time of age and Hindu Unified Families (HUF).
  • Form 15H is for senior citizens who are inhabitants and matured 60 or above.

These shapes must be utilized if your add up to pay is underneath the fundamental exclusion constrain, indeed if a particular wage surpasses the restrain set in a certain area. For more nitty gritty data on these shapes, counsel our guide.

Moreover, in case non-residents' profit drop underneath the least exception edge, they must yield a ask beneath area 195(3) of the Salary Assess Act to the pertinent charge officer to get a certificate for no or decreased assess conclusion in arrange to dodge TDS responsibility.


Tax Deducted at Source TDS is a tax collection system used by the Government Authority of India to collect taxes at the source of income generation. It has many types of implications on taxpayers and the economy, including the compliance, cash flow, collection of revenue, tax, and diminish tax elusion. Therefore, it is mandatory for taxpayers to know and understand the TDS provisions and comprise with them to avoid penalties and ensure tax compliance.

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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