In current scenario, food and color additives are strictly regulated studied and monitored than it was in past. FDA has the primary legal responsibility for determining their safe use in food products. To launch a new food or color additive, its mandatory to get it approved from FDA.
Steps Taken by FDA While Testing Any New Additive
The composition and properties of the additive substance,
Immediate and long-term health effects/risks,
The quantity that would typically be consumed,
Various safety factors. The evaluation assessment determines an appropriate level of use that includes a built-in safety margin - a factor that allows for uncertainty about the levels of consumption that are expected to be harmless and free from any long term health risk.
Because of limitations of scientific evaluation, FDA might not be absolutely sure of the absence of any risk from the use of any substance. Therefore, FDA must determine - based on the best scientific procedures available - if there is a reasonable certainty of no harm to consumers when an additive is used as proposed.
If an additive is approved, FDA issues regulations that may include the kinds of foods in which it can be used, the maximum amounts to be used as per quantity, and how it should be recognized on food labels. Mostly FDA consults with USDA during the review process for ingredients that are proposed for use in meat and poultry products.
If some sign suggests that a product already in use may be unsafe, or if consumption levels have changed enough to require another look, FDA might prohibit its use or conduct further scientific studies to make sure if the use can still be considered safe.
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