Memorandum of Association (MoA) Meaning
The company's charter is represented by a Memorandum of Association (MoA). It is a legal document written during a company's creation and registration process that defines the company's relationship with its shareholders and states the company's goals. Only the operations listed in the Memorandum of Association are permissible for the company. As a result, the MoA establishes the limit beyond which the company's actions are prohibited.
Table of Contents
- Memorandum of Association (MoA) Meaning
- The following clauses make up a memorandum of association (MoA):
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The Memorandum of Association informs shareholders, creditors, and anyone else engaging with the firm on the company's essential rights and powers. The provisions of the Memorandum of Agreement also assist prospective shareholders in making the best judgment possible when considering an investment in the company. In the case of a private limited company, the MoA must be signed by at least two subscribers, and in the case of a public limited company, it must be signed by at least seven members.
Contents of Memorandum of Association:
- Name Clause
- Situation/ Registered State Clause
- Object clause
- Liability clause
- Capital Clause
- Subscriber Clause
The following clauses make up a memorandum of association (MoA):
The name of the company is specified in this phrase. The company's name should not be the same as that of another business. If it's a private firm, the word 'Private Limited' should be included at the end. In the event of a public business, the word "Limited" should be added to the end of its name. For instance, ABC Private Limited in the case of a private firm and ABC Ltd in the event of a public company.
Registered Office Clause:
The Registered Office Clause indicates the name of the state in which the company's registered office is located. This aids in determining the Registrar of Companies' jurisdiction. Within 30 days of the company's incorporation or beginning, the company must notify the Registrar of Companies of the location of its registered office.
This clause specifies the purpose for which the firm was established. The following three subcategories can be found within the objectives:
- Main Objective is to state the company's principal business.
- Incidental Objectives: These are the goals that aren't directly related to the company's principal goals.
- Other goals: Any other goals that the company may pursue that are not covered in (a) and (b) above (b)
It establishes the company's members' responsibilities. In an unlimited corporation, the members' liability is unlimited, but in a business limited by shares, the members' liability is limited by the amount unpaid on their share. The members' liability in a corporation limited by guarantee is limited by the amount each member has agreed to contribute.
This clause specifies the maximum amount of capital that a firm can raise, often known as the authorized/nominal capital. This also explains how such a large sum of money is divided into a definite number of shares.
Is it possible to update or change the memorandum of association (moa)?
Yes, according to section 13 of the Companies Act of 2013, the Memorandum of Association (MOA) can be changed at any moment, but there are some conditions that must be met first.
What section/provision governs amendments to the memorandum of association (moa)?
The process and criteria for changing the Memorandum of Association are governed by Section 13 of the Companies Act, 2013. (MOA). This section allows you to alter the following clauses:
- Clause 1: Name
- Clause 2: Situation
- Clause 3: Object
- Clause 4: Capital
They are, however, backed up by other sections in order to put the modifications into action.
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This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.
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