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How to Start a Medical Store in India?


Overview: Medical Store

The most crucial aspect of one's personal existence is one's health. The medicine business is the most evergreen, as it is unaffected by economic fluctuations. The growing popularity of corporate hospitals and multi-specialty hospitals has boosted the healthcare and pharmacy industries in India. For entrepreneurs with limited space and resources who wish to participate in the healthcare sector, opening a medical store is the perfect solution.

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Despite their importance, every medical store bears a significant amount of duty toward them. Customers may die as a result of a minor blunder on their behalf. As a result, medical stores are frequently required to follow a number of legal procedures before they may begin selling drugs.

India is the world's top supplier of generic pharmaceuticals. The Indian pharmaceutical industry supplies more than half of the global demand for vaccines, 40% of generic demand in the United States, and 25% of all pharmaceuticals in the United Kingdom. India is the world's third-largest producer of pharmaceuticals by volume and the fourteenth-largest producer by value. A network of 3,000 medicinal businesses and 10,500 manufacturing units make up the domestic pharmaceutical sector.

In the global medicines industry, India holds a significant place. In addition, the country boasts a vast pool of scientists and engineers who have the ability to propel the sector forward to new heights. Indian pharmaceutical companies currently supply over 80% of the antiretroviral medications needed to combat AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) around the world.

Types of Medical Store

  • Medical supply store in the hospital: It is located within the hospital and was created to meet the needs of patients mostly within the hospital.
  • Medical store on its own: It is the most typical type found in a home setting.
  • Chain pharmacies/franchise pharmacies: Medical stores, which are part of a chain of pharmacies, can be found in shopping malls.
  • Medical stores in the townships: It is located in a township and serve the community's requirements.
  • Stores within government buildings.

Licenses Required for Medical Store

Pharmacy Licence

A certified pharmacist with a B. Pharm or M. Pharm degree is required in order to earn a Pharmacy License. To operate a general chemist shop, you'll need this license. You must pay the required fee and have a degree or diploma in pharmacy from a recognized institute or university to obtain this license. This license is given to people or organizations who want to start a drug and medical wholesale business.

Land Registration

Every company must decide how much money it needs to invest. Depending on one's budget, one can pick between renting a shop and opening one's own. In this case, a rent deed or a sales agreement is required. For this aim, a person may seek legal counsel.

Registration of Medical Store Business

The registration of medicinal stores in India is governed by the Indian Pharmacy Act of 1948. According to the Act, medical stores and pharmacies must register with the state government and provide all pertinent information. Following submission, a registration tribunal will make a decision on the issues raised. The structure of the medical store's business is critical here. While hospital, chain, and township medical stores prefer to form a private limited company, a solo medical store should form as a sole proprietorship or partnership. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) have recently gained popularity, and medical retailers are evaluating it as a viable business model. The advancement of the partners' rights, which is granted in the LLP form of the constitution, is largely responsible for this transformation.

Company Registration

One of the most widely advised ways to start a business in India is to form a private limited company. This sort of business provides restricted responsibility for its stockholders, as well as ownership limits. An LLP is made up of partners who own and operate the company. Directors and stockholders may be different in private limited company registration.  In India, Corpseed, your trusted legal expert, offers a low-cost company registration service. Here's where you can discover how to register your company. We take care of all legal paperwork and comply with all Ministry of Corporate Affairs requirements. You will obtain a Certificate of Incorporation (CoI), as well as you’re PAN and TAN, once the company registration process has been approved.

  • Proprietorship Registration
  • Partnership Registration
  • One-Person Company Registration
  • Private Limited Company
  • Limited Liability Partnership

Shop and Establishment Registration

The government issues a Shop Establishment License, which allows you to carry on a specific trade or business. It does not grant property ownership or authority to engage in any activity other than that for which it was given. To receive a trade license, you must submit an application to the Local Municipal Corporation. It's part of a larger attempt to control trade so that citizens aren't exposed to health risks and annoyances. It guarantees that the location where the work is done complies with all applicable rules, regulations, standards, and safety requirements.

GST Registration

GST stands for goods and services tax, and it was implemented on July 1, 2017, in India, replacing approximately 15 additional cascading taxes imposed by the Central and State governments. Goods and services are taxed at varying rates under GST, depending on the categories established by the Indian government. 0 percent, 5%, 12%, 17%, 18%, and 28% are the various tax slabs. Rough precious and semi-precious stones are taxed at a special rate of 0.25 percent, while gold is taxed at 3%. In addition, a 22 percent CESS on top of a 28 percent CESS Aerated drinks, luxury autos, and tobacco goods are all subject to GST.

GST replaced other indirect taxes, reshaping the country's 2.274 trillion-dollar economy considerably. GST registration is required for all enterprises doing business in India, whether they are purchasing, selling, or delivering services.

Registering for Drug License

Every medical store, big or little, will need a drug license from the Central Drugs Standards Control Organization and the State Drugs Standards Control Organization before they can open their doors. These agencies are in charge of issuing two primary drug licenses:

  • Retail Drug License: To operate a general chemist shop, you'll need this license. It is necessary to pay a fee. Only individuals who have earned a degree or diploma in pharmacy from a recognized institute or university are eligible to register.
  • Wholesale Drug License: Medical stores that deal in the wholesale business of pharmaceuticals and medicines are granted the license. In comparison to the Retail Drug License, there aren't as many requirements to satisfy in order to obtain this license.

Documents Required for Obtaining the Drugs License in India:

  • Constitution of the firm (MOA/AOA)
  • Photo ID proof of proprietor/partner/director
  • Copy of Property paper (If owned property)
  • Copy of Rent agreement (If rented property)
  • Site Plan and key plan of the premises
  • Refrigerator invoice and details

Government Initiatives for Pharmaceutical Industry in India

  • A total financial investment of Rs. 500 crore (US$ 665.5 million) for the period FY 21-22 to FY 25-26 was announced in March 2022 under the Strengthening of Pharmaceutical Industry (SPI) Scheme.
  • For the first time since April 2021, India may resume supplies of COVID-19 shots to the worldwide vaccine-sharing platform COVAX in November-December 2021. The World Health Organization (WHO), which co-leads COVAX, has been pressuring India to continue COVAX supplies, especially after it supplied 4 million pills to neighbors and allies in October 2021.
  • In November 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will host the inaugural Global Pharmaceutical Innovation Summit. The summit will feature 12 sessions and more than 40 national and international speakers who will discuss a variety of topics such as the regulatory environment, funding for innovation, industry-academic collaboration, and innovation infrastructure.
  • Mr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of Health and Family Welfare, declared in August 2021 that by October-November 2021, an extra number of pharmaceutical businesses in India will begin developing anti-coronavirus vaccines. This strategy is likely to increase the immunization campaign's effectiveness across the country.
  • In June 2021, Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs announced an additional outlay of Rs. 197,000 crore (US$ 26,578.3 million) for the pharmaceutical PLI scheme in 13 key sectors, including active pharmaceutical ingredients, drug intermediaries, and key starting materials, which will be spread out over five years.
  • As of August 31, 2021, the PLI program had received a total of 278 applications from the industry. This will most likely assist 55 companies.
  • The Department of Pharmaceuticals launched a PLI scheme to promote domestic manufacturing by setting up greenfield plants with minimum domestic value addition in four separate 'Target Segments' with a cumulative outlay of Rs. 6,940 crore (US$ 951.27 million) from FY21 to FY30 to achieve self-reliance and reduce import dependency in the country's essential bulk drugs.
  • The Government of India established Mission COVID Suraksha in May 2021, as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat 3.0, to speed up the development and production of indigenous COVID vaccines. The Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, offered financial support in the form of a grant to vaccine manufacturing facilities for expanded production capacities under the mission, which are estimated to reach >10 crore doses per month by September 2021.
  • The Union Government resolved in April 2021 to streamline and expedite the regulatory system for COVID-19 vaccines that have been licensed for restricted use by the US FDA, EMA, UK MHRA, PMDA Japan, or those identified in the WHO Emergency Use Listing (EUL). This decision is likely to make it easier for India to obtain foreign vaccines and boost imports.
  • The Punjab government announced plans to build three pharma parks in the state in February 2021. A pharma park has been proposed in Bathinda, which will be stretched over 1,300 acres and cost Rs. 1,800 crores (US$ 245.58 million). Another medical park for Rs. 180 crores (US$ 24.56 million) has been proposed in Rajpura, while a greenfield project in Wazirabad, Fatehgarh Sahib, has been proposed.
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has been given Rs. 73,932 crore (US$ 10.35 billion) in the Union Budget 2021-22, while the Department of Health Research has been given Rs. 2,663 crore (US$ 365.68 billion).
  • The 'National Health Mission' received a budget of Rs. 37,130 crore (US$ 5.10 billion) from the government. Over the course of six years, the PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana will receive Rs. 64,180 crore (US$ 8.80 billion). The Ministry of AYUSH has been given a budget of Rs. 2,970 crore (US$ 407.84 million), up from Rs. 2,122 crore (US$ 291.39 million) previously.
Drug License

To do business in pharma industry including Ayurvedic & Unani drugs, one must get a Drug license to operate legally. As per Drugs Act, 1940, License is mandatory throughout India. A particular license is required based on business requirement.

CDSCO Online Registration

Team Corpseed will help you to get CDSCO registration / DCGI approval for your products as per CDSCO guidelines. Under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, CDSCO has many responsibilities which includes approval of Drugs.

US FDA Certificate

Firms sending out items from the United States are regularly asked by remote clients or outside governments to supply a declaration for items managed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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I have worked for many internet blog pages and news portals. currently, I am working as a content writer for Corpseed Pvt. Ltd. I like to write blogs and articles in the field of different services.
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