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How to Setup Hazardous Waste Recycling Plant in India

How to Setup Hazardous Waste Recycling Plant in India - corpseed.png

Introduction: Hazardous Waste Recycling Plant

The waste having characteristics of physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive, or corrosive, causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or in contact with other wastes or substances can damage the environment or humans directly or indirectly.
Hazardous waste can be in the form of gaseous, liquids, or solids. It is not a common type of waste and also has different types of disposal techniques due to its severe impact on the environment. The treatment of hazardous waste depends on the nature of the waste and specific treatment.

What does Hazardous Waste Management Rule say?

This rule lay down to ensure safe handling, generation, processing, treatment, package, storage, transportation, use, reprocessing, collection, and offering for sale, destruction, and disposal of Hazardous Waste.
It comes in the year 1989 and has been amended later in the years 2000, 2003 and with final notification of the Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling, and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016.
The person or any organization who is engaged in the collection, storage, packaging, transportation, treatment, use, processing, pre-processing, utilization, co-processing, recycling, and offering for sale, transfer or disposal of the hazardous and other wastes and various authorities that are involved in the process of granting authorization for Hazardous Waste such as MoEF&CC, CPCB, State/UT Govt., SPCBs/PCCs, DGFT, Port Authority and Custom Authority.

Who Needs an Authorization for Hazardous Waste?

A person who is involved directly in handling, generation, collection, storage, packaging, transportation, use, treatment, processing, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, co-processing, utilization, offering for sale, transfer or disposal of the hazardous and other wastes shall be required to get a clearance from the State Pollution Control Board.

It's three Easy Steps Process

  • Connect with team Corpseed to discuss specific requirements for your business, most of our customers take 20 to 25 minutes to discuss their business needs and get instant solutions
  • Once you discuss the requirement we will align a dedicated Account Manager to assist you with the entire process of how to start a hazardous waste recycling plant in India
  • Once job is completed you will receive a License Copy directly to your email ID and at your doorstep.

What is Hazardous Waste Recycler?

Hazardous waste is recycled if it is used or reused (e.g., as an ingredient in a process), reclaimed, or used in certain ways including disposal and producing energy. Reclaimed material is done if it is processed to recover a usable product or if it is regenerated. A material is used or reused if it is part of the requirement of an industrial process to make a product) or if it is a part of a substitute of a commercial product.

What are the Benefits of Recycling Hazardous Waste?

There are several environmentally friendly and economic benefits to recycling hazardous waste-

  • By minimizing the consumption of raw materials.
  • Reducing energy use and pollution.
  • Reduce the burden on landfill by minimizing the waste directly.

The extraction, refining, transportation, and processing of new raw materials have a significant impact on the environment and human health. Recycling and maximizing the use of hazardous waste can lead to less air, water, and soil pollution. When hazardous wastes are recycled, less energy is needed to obtain raw materials and manufacture products. Due to less energy demand, fewer fossil fuels are burned and fewer GHGs are emitted into the atmosphere, which can minimize the impact of climate change and reduce air pollution. Less hazardous waste is sent to treatment and disposal facility which indirectly reduce the burden on landfills. 

Economic Benefits of Recycling Hazardous Waste Properly

Hazardous waste recycling is not solely sensible for the atmosphere facet, however, can also profit associate degree organization’s stuff consumption. Recycling hazardous waste can increase production efficiency and reduce costs associated with purchasing raw materials and waste management. A business may enjoy a positive or “green” image related to its brands. For instance, a corporation value robust company berth will increase goodwill with shareholders and more distinguish itself from its competitors

Recycling and Utilization of Hazardous

The recycling and utilization of hazardous waste for recycling purposes or any other business purpose as a raw material or after pre-processing either for co-processing or any other use, including within the area that comes under the generator shall be carried out only after obtaining authorization from the SPCB defining the waste on the basis of standard operating procedures or guidelines provided by the Central Pollution Control Board.

List of Hazardous Waste Which Requires Authorization From Respected Authority

  • Brass waste material 
  • Copper waste  material 
  • Copper oxide mill scale material 
  • Copper reverts, cake, and residue material 
  • Waste copper and copper alloys in dissolved form.
  • Slags from the copper processing unit and for further processing or refining
  • Insulated Copper Wire/Copper with PVC sheathing including ISRI-code material namely “Druid”
  • Jelly-filled copper cables
  • Spent cleared metal catalyst containing copper
  • Spent catalyst containing nickel, cadmium, zinc, copper arsenic, vanadium, and cobalt
  • Zinc Dross-Bottom Dross
  • Zinc Dross- Bottom Dross
  • Zinc ash/skimmings arising from galvanizing and die-casting operations
  • Zinc ash/skimming’s/other zinc-bearing wastes arising from smelting and refining
  • Zinc ash and residues including zinc alloy residues in dispersible form.
  • Spent cleared metal catalyst containing zinc.
  • Lead-acid battery plates and other lead scrap/ashes/residues.
  • Components of waste electrical and electronic assemble comprising accumulators and other batteries, mercury-switches, activated glass cullets from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glass and PCB-capacitors, or any other component contaminated with constituents (e.g. cadmium, mercury, lead, polychlorinated biphenyl) 
  • Paint and ink Sludge/residues
  • Used Oil and Waste Oil- As per specification prescribed from time to time.

Importance of TSDF Facility for Hazardous

Any person who wants to  recycle or reprocess any waste as listed in listed above must  submit an application in the concerned department as  per the rules define-

Documents Required to Start Hazardous Waste Recycling Plant 

Consent to establish granted by the State Pollution Control Board

  • Authorized Person Pan card
  • Authorized Person Aadhar card
  • Pan card of the unit  in case of Partnership/Company
  • Authorization letter (except Proprietorship)
  • CA Letter for total project cost
  • Site Plan /Naksha.
  • Proof of Ownership
  • Water Bill
  • GST Certificate

Certificate of registration issued by the District Industries Centre or any other government agency in this regard. 

Proof of installed capacity of plant and machinery issued by the District Industries Centre or any other Government Agency on this behalf.

Hazardous waste authorization from the respected State Pollution Control Board.

  • Authorized Signatory Aadhar Card
  • Authorized Signatory Pan Card
  • GST Certificate
  • Rent/Lease/proof of ownership of the site
  • Manufacturing Process flow chart
  • CIN

In case of renewal, certificate of compliance of effluent, emission standards, and treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes, as applicable, from the State Pollution Control Board or the Concerned Zonal Office of Central Pollution Board

Norms to be Followed

Central Pollution Control Board on being satisfied that the applicant is utilizing environmentally sound technologies and possess adequate technical capabilities, requisite facilities, and equipment to recycle, reprocess or reuse hazardous wastes, may grant registration to the applicant by stipulating necessary conditions for carrying out unsafe operation in an authorized place.

  • The Central Pollution Control Board may have the right to cancel or suspend the registration granted under these rules, if it has reasons to believe that the recycler or re-processor has failed to comply with any of the conditions of the registration, or with any provision of the Act or rules made thereunder.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board may give various chances to hear to the applicant, by order, refuse to grant or renew the registration.
  • The recycler or re-processor shall maintain records of hazardous wastes purchased and processed and shall file an annual return of tis activities of the previous year in Form 6 to the SPCB, on or before the 30th day of June Year.


  • The registration, issued under sub-rule (2) shall be valid for a period of five years from the date of its issue unless the operation is stopped by the person or organization or the registration is suspended or cancelled by the CPCB

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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Vinay Thakur is Managing Partner in Corpseed. He focused on payments, digital transformation, and financial technology for over 15 years and holds strong expertise on fintech startups, banking innovation, and investors with a keen understanding of...
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