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GST on Gold: Effects of Gold GST Rate in India 2023


Gold GST in India 2023: Unveiling the Impact of New Rates on Gold, Investors, and the Economy

As India gears up to implement new GST rates on gold in 2023, investors and the economy eagerly anticipate the impact of these changes. The gold market, always subject to fluctuations, has long been a popular investment option for Indians. Therefore, the revised GST rates are expected to influence both the gold industry and the larger economy in various ways. 

Starting in 2023, the GST on gold in India will be a fixed percentage of 4%, which is a departure from the current method of calculating Gold GST based on the weight and purity of the sold gold. 

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In this highly anticipated article, we will explore the implications of the gold GST rates and their effects on gold, investors, and the economy. We will delve into the details surrounding the new rates, examine the possible outcomes for investors and businesses, and shed light on the potential consequences for the overall economy. Join us as we unravel the anticipated twists and turns of this significant development in the Indian gold market.

What is GST on Gold Rate? 

GST on gold in India refers to the imposition of the Goods and Services Tax on the purchase or production of gold jewellery. However, within the framework of these GST regulations, different rates are applied to different gold transactions. These rates are subject to variation depending on factors such as making charges, manufacturing, and import, resulting in a tax rate of 3% on the assessed value of gold with making charges at 5%.

Most importantly, the coming of GST (Goods and services tax) assures transparency as well as visibility, unlike the old tax structures that hid under the complexities of VAT, Customs Duty, and excise duty. Having this system reflects a mark of uniformity for the consumers to compare the gold prices with various sellers. 

It is evident that any changes or fluctuations in the Goods and Services Tax are likely to affect the GST on gold rates, leading to variations in the dynamics of the market. 

Gold Rates for Different types of Gold

The GST rates for different types of gold and related services in India are listed below.

Type GST rate HSN code

Precious stones & semi-precious stones whether or not worked or graded, but not mounted, strung, or otherwise set.

Ungraded semi-precious and precious stones (apart from diamonds), temporarily strung for portability (includes synthetic or reconstructed stones, except unworked or merely sawn or coarsely shaped stones).

7103- 7104 0.25%
Diamond, gold, silver, pearls, or jewellery, made of silver and gold and so on, including synthetic or reconstructed stones, unworked or simply sawn or roughly shaped. 7101, 7102, 7106, 7107, 7108, 7109, 7111, 7113, 7114, 7116, 7118 3%
Job work related to cutting and polishing diamonds, plain or adorned gold, silver, and other ornaments 9988 1.5%

Read Our Blog: What is the BIS Hallmark for Jewellery in India?

Impact of GST on Gold

The impact of GST on gold has been entirely significant in the gold industry specifically. Let us look at the points that contribute to creating this effect-

  • Rise in Price

The fluctuation of gold GST rates in India is driven by economic factors, including a specific rate that adjusts in response to price rises. The increase in the tax rate from 1.2% to 3% gives a self-explanatory as to why the demand for gold has gradually decreased, making it more expensive. 

  • Enhanced Transparency & visibility

The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) on gold has played a significant role in enhancing transparency and visibility within the industry. This has necessitated gold vendors to maintain proper records of their transactions, thereby promoting consistency and openness across both sectors. Consequently, it is estimated that only 30% of this sector can be classified as organized. Moreover, the high tax rates associated with the GST may potentially incentivize gold vendors to engage in fraudulent activities, such as smuggling or selling precious metals without issuing proper invoices.

  • Free trade agreement

As a boon to the GST Gold rates, it is declared that the GST-registered importers can ship the gold, without having to pay 10% of the customs duty. 

  • Gold Jewellery

The GST on Gold jewellery is levied in the form of a fixed charge as well as a fixed percentage of the gold value. This becomes a possible reason why the rate of gold usually fluctuates and can vary for jewellers most of the time. No doubt, it can impact the Gold GST rate largely. Much earlier in the year 2022, the making charges for gold jewellery were levied at a rate of 5%, which now must have witnessed a slight change.  

Therefore, such has been the impact of the GST on gold. 


Parameter Example
Weight of Gold 10 grams
Price of Gold ₹ 4,500 per gram
Cost of Gold 10 grams x ₹ 4,500 per gram = ₹ 45,000
Making Charges ₹ 500 per gram
Cost of Making Charges 10 grams x ₹ 500 per gram = ₹ 5,000
Total Cost of Jewellery ₹50,000
GST rate on Gold Jewellery 5%
GST on making Charges 5% of ₹5000=250
Total payable GST ₹250
The total cost of jewellery after GST ₹ 50,250

Read Our Blog: Check Hallmark before Buying Gold

Gold Rate Post GST

Ever since the gold GST rate entered the realm of the Gold market, fluctuations in the gold rates have been forecasted and witnessed. It has been observed that the tax rates would have to face a major blow due to the possibility of gold rising high because of taxation.

According to the reports, starting in 2023, the GST on gold in India will be a fixed percentage of 4%, which is a departure from the current method of calculating Gold GST based on the weight and purity of the sold gold. 

Right now, economic weather facing major turbulence due to geopolitical tensions and uncertainty, because of which the gold prices have skyrocketed and continue to do so. There might be various factors that would influence the demand and supply of the same. While the price of gold has reached the skies, there is currently a three per cent GST on gold and gold-related jewellery, five per cent on the cost of making gold jewellery, and 7.5 per cent on import duty. 

Thus, the customer’s total Goods and Service Tax and duty implication on pure gold is 10.5% of the total price. With that being said, there has been a sharp increase in gold with a reduced demand, which is purely due to the liquidity of investing in valuable metals. 

GST rates on gold in India

The GST rates on gold are mentioned in the table below- 

Type of Gold GST rate
Making charges of jewellery 5%
Gold bars, coins & jewellery 3%
Goldsmith & service smith services 5%
Gold Import 10.75% (including customs duty of 7.5% and 3% GST)

Points to consider before buying Gold

Before you purchase gold jewellery or ornaments, an investor should make mindful decisions and know the following facts, before you make a decision which includes- 

  • Hallmark & certification

It is essential to remember that you should buy hallmarked jewellery and those that are certified by the Bureau of Standards (BIS). It assures you of the promising quality, by allowing you to conform to these guidelines.  

  • Quality

It should be acknowledged that the price of gold is contingent upon the levels of purity it possesses. Consequently, the price fluctuates, implying that gold of inferior quality commands a lower price per gram. Hence, it is imperative for individuals to educate themselves about the various degrees of gold purity.

  • Taxation

Having a comprehensive understanding of the gold Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate in India, which currently stands at 3%, is highly beneficial. Additionally, it is important to note that the making charges associated with purchasing gold jewellery amount to 5%. This knowledge enables buyers to accurately assess the overall cost, encompassing taxes and other expenses.

  • Price fluctuation

The price of gold is anticipated to increase, leading to fluctuations. These fluctuations are influenced by factors that disrupt the demand and supply of gold in the Indian Jewellery market. Potential buyers should be cautious and stay informed about these fluctuations before investing in gold.

Therefore, before buying gold, you need to look at the factors of importance, such as hallmarked jewellery, quality, taxation and price fluctuation. 

Final Thoughts on Gold GST in India 2023

It is deduced that the gold Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate in India will persistently fluctuate in response to economic tensions and the liquidity of precious metals. Presently, reports indicate that gold and gold-related jewellery are subject to a three per cent GST, while the cost of making gold jewellery incurs a five per cent GST. Additionally, there is a 7.5 per cent import duty imposed. As an investor or buyer, it is imperative to remain aware of these fluctuations and make informed investment decisions. Thus, the profound impact of the Gold GST rate in India is evident in the year 2023.

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of author, not corpseed, and have not been evaluated by corpseed for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.


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Hansika Bhardwaj is a versatile writer, editor and poet.  She is a graduate of the University of Delhi with a specialisation in English Literature. As a cherry on the cake, she has worked with various companies dealing with various types o...

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