Oxygen is one of the vital support systems, without it life wouldn't have been possible. If the living species are alive it is because of oxygen. Production of oxygen is backed by a natural process maintained and ensured by plants.
Not only is this, but the use of oxygen quite versatile in itself. It acts as a life support system for patients in need of it and also required in the treatment of many diseases. In the industrial sector it finds amazing uses like in the production of steel and plastics. Apart from all of this oxygen is an essential commodity when we talk about aircrafts and submarines.
With all of this in mind, there is a drawback which says that all these needs cannot be possibly met through atmospheric oxygen, therefore it demands that oxygen must be manufactured artificially on a large scale.
Oxygen Uses and Application in Industries
Chalking out the application of the oxygen, as given below:
- Medical-related industry
- Oxygen is extensively used in manufacturing steel
- It is also employed in the industry of steel manufacturing
- Metal is fabricated using oxygen
- Power is generated using coal with the help of oxygen
- Oxygen finds its way in manufacturing glass as well
Starting an Oxygen Manufacturing Plant in India
To be able to set up oxygen manufacturing plant especially for the medical purposes, one must know that it can be produced through various ways, however the most commonly used ways that are employed in generating oxygen are discussed below:
- Pressure swing adsorption: Under this method, pure oxygen is generated after all other gases like nitrogen are separated from the air mixture under the influence of high pressure. This method generally demands the use of machinery having two vessels which in turn separates the gases. This method is quite popular in every corner of the world and the most preferred one when it comes to producing oxygen on an industrial basis. Small scale industries make extensive use of this method.
- Fractional distillation: It is yet another method used to produce oxygen. In contrast to the above-mentioned method, it is one hand above since it is much efficient and yields oxygen that is pure. In this method, the first thing done is to make the air dust free. After the dust has been removed, the air is subjected to compression and then all the other gases like carbon dioxide and moisture are removed from the air to make it pure.
Thereafter the purified air is made to pass by means of heat exchanger which liquefies it and the oxygen is separated from nitrogen. The final step is distillation wherein the purified oxygen is yielded and then it is collected for commercial transportation.
This method is employed by large-scale industries that renders mass production of oxygen.