EPR stands for “Extended Producers Responsibility” Extended producer responsibility is an exercise and a policy method in which Producers take accountability for the organization of the disposal of products they create or produce when those products are designated as no longer useful by consumers or we can say EPR is the polluter pays principle in which the party responsible for producing pollution is chargeable for paying for the injury done to the natural surroundings.
The E-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 introduced the concept of EPR for the first time in India, while the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 brought more stringent targets for the collection of end-of-life products and simplified the process of applying for EPR authorization.
Protecting Environment is Our Responsibility
To protect and improve the surrounding may be a constitutional mandate. It is widely accepted that the right to life under Article 21 also embraces the right to live in a wholesome, pollution-free environment. This has to be read in conjunction with Articles 48-A and 51-A (g) which impose a duty on the State to preserve and improve the environment. It makes the State as well as the citizens responsible for the preservation of the natural environment.
EPR Policy in India
The EPR policy, in India, places a responsibility on the State Governments to watch the makers, producers, and recyclers to guarantee that they comply with the standards and also confirm that they meet the targets of collection of the e-waste specified in the E-Waste (Management) Amendment Rules, 2018. Further, it also places responsibility upon the consumers of electronic devices to protect the environment against the harm caused by the devices upon their end-of-life under the take-back scheme. Thus, it affirms the constitutional duty to protect the environment.