Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is the term used to describe the practice of transferring end-of-life management of products and materials to the makers of those goods. i.e. the producer. The Guidelines offer a framework to improve the cycle economy of plastic packaging waste, encourage the creation of novel plastic substitutes, and outline further steps firms can take to transition to sustainable plastic packaging. In order to limit the use of new plastic material for packaging, the standards require the reuse of rigid plastic packaging materials. The Guidelines outline a framework for collecting environmental compensation based on the polluter pays principle from producers, importers, and brand owners who fail to meet extended producer responsibility targets in order to safeguard the environment, improve its quality, and stop, control, and mitigate environmental pollution. The cash raised must be used for the environmentally responsible collection, recycling, and end-of-life disposal of uncollected plastic garbage.
India is believed to generate 25,00 tons of plastic waste every day. So much so that plastic is entering the food chain. This can alter human hormones and cause life-threatening diseases. Thus, it is imperative for governments to step up and enforce laws to combat this crisis. For this Government introduces the term Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in the 2016 Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 defines the Extended Producer’s Responsibility (EPR), as the responsibility of a producer for the environmentally sound management of the product until the end of its life.
Advantages of an EPR Registration for EPR Waste Management-
- Environmental Protection: Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a strategy for environmental protection that requires the manufacturers to take ownership of every stage of the product's lifecycle, especially with regard to the recycling of its packaging, in order to lessen the overall environmental impact of a product and its packaging.
- An improved way for waste 11 management: ERP authorizations support businesses in making more informed choices about waste collection, management, recycling, and disposal. By doing so they might strengthen their current waste management approach, further making it more effective and
- Improved Market Reputation: The reputation and goodwill of the organizations are improved with EPR authorization. An EPR license proves a business's dedication to reducing the waste produced by its goods and resource consumption. The major players in business closely monitor these regulations to raise their standing in the sector.
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) applies to the following plastic packaging categories:
- Category I: Packaging made of rigid plastic
- Category II: Carry bags, plastic sachets, or pouches, single-layer or multilayer flexible plastic packaging which is more than one layer with various types of plastic, plastic sheets, or similar covers made of plastic sheets.
- Category III: Container made of plastic layers at least one layer of plastic and at least one layer of material other than plastic.
- Category IV: Plastic sheet used for packaging as well as compostable plastic carry bags