The Odisha State Prevention and Control of Pollution Board was constituted in pursuance of sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) (Amendment) Act, 1974, vide Notification No. 1481-VII-HI-11/83 (Vol. II)-S.T.E., dt. 15.7.1983 in the erstwhile Department of Science, Technology & Environment, Government of Odisha. The Board is also functioning as the State Board under Section 5 of the Air (P&CP) Act, 1981.The entire state of Odisha has been declared as Air Pollution Control Area since 18-07-2002. The Board was re-designated as State Pollution Control Board, Odisha vide Govt. Notification No. Env. -E (F)/8/89/1882 F&E, dt.16.07.1999.
Objectives of OSPCB
- Sustainable Development: - Sustainable development is a wide concept that balances the need for economic growth with environmental protection and social equity.
- Prevention: - To control the prevention of natural resources.
- Waste Management: - Effective Waste Management is a great source to protect the environment.
- Consumer awareness: - Pollution can be reduced by awareness such as by convincing general public to use CFL, paper bags, public transport and not to use firecrackers, plastic bags or any other non-biodegradable products.
- Compliance: - OSPCB laid down some guidelines for industries and Health care establishment to reduce environment pollution in Uttar Pradesh.
Main Functions of the OSPCB
- Provide recommendation to the Odisha Government on any matter concerning prevention and control of water and air pollution and improvement of the quality of air.
- Organize the consumer awareness programs on the prevention and control of air and water pollution and waste management through mass media.
- Collect, compile and prepare technical and statistical data related to air and water pollution.
- Lay down the standard of sewage and trade effluents and for emission from industrial plant, automobiles and Health Care Establishment.
- To help on the development of new technology for treatment of sewage, trade effluents and control equipment.
- Issuance of consent certificate to industries falling in different categories such as Red, Orange, Green and White.
- Issuance of the Authorization to industries and health care establishments, falling in Bio-Medical waste Authorization, Hazardous waste Management Authorization, Plastic Waste Management, Battery waste Management, and E-waste Authorization.
OSPCB Categories & Classification of Business Activities
The industries in Odisha has been classified in Red, Orange, and Green category as per the list, indicating the classification of 649 industries as per new guidelines.
The industries categorized under Red, Orange and Green category only need to apply for Consent to Establish (CTE) and Consent to Operate (CTO) under the Air & Water Act. The industries categorized under white category are not required to obtain Consent to establish and operate, it is required only to intimate Odisha State Pollution Control Board (OSPCB) within 30 days from Establishment of business with an undertaking.