The seeds are an important, vital, and indispensable part of agriculture and farmer. Seeds having good quality have a pivotal role to play in increasing the production and productivity of agriculture.
In order to ensure the availability of good quality seeds to the farmers in India, the Government of India has enacted the Seeds Act, 1966, and the Seed Rules, 1968.
Seeds are certified under the Seed (Control) Order, 1983 which was promulgated under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 in order to ensure the production, marketing, and equal distribution of seeds.
According to Section 5 of the Seeds Act, 1966, following three types of seeds are eligible for certification:
- Breeder seed
- Foundation seed
- Certified seed