Items classified as "Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies (SCOMET)" have the potential to be used in both civilian and military applications. India is a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA), and the Australia Group (AG), as well as a member of the Nuclear Supply Group (NSG). India has also signed international non-proliferation treaties such as the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BTWC) (BWC). As a result, the SCOMET control list is harmonized with all international export control regimes and conventions' control lists. In 2010, Chapter IVA of the Foreign Trade (Development & Regulation) Act, 1992 was amended to regulate the brokering, transshipment, and export of specified goods, services, and technology that could be used as weapons of mass destruction, aligning it with the provisions of the Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005.
The acronym SCOMET stands for Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies, and these are dual-use goods with civilian and military applications. The export of commodities on the SCOMET list is governed by India's Foreign Trade Policy. To export SCOMET, the exporter must first get a license from the Ministry of Commerce's Directorate General of Foreign Trade. Export of Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies (SCOMET) listed below shall be permitted only against an export authorization issued on this behalf unless the export is prohibited or is permitted without authorization subject to fulfillment of conditions if any, as indicated under/against any specific category or item. The items, services, and technology listed below are subject to the provisions of Chapter IV-A of the FT (D&R) Act, 1992, as revised in 2010.