Refurbishers of notified e-waste cannot process this electronic waste without obtaining EPR Authorisation for E-Waste. This authorisation is provided by the Central Pollution Control Board. The refurbishers as well as recyclers need to get this Refurbishes Licence from the EPR Portal of CPCB after EPR Registration. It helps the Central Pollution Control Board to track the e-waste that is produced, imported, recycled and refurbished. Based on this data, the extended producer responsibility targets are calculated for producers and importers. E-Waste Refurbishers also need to provide EPR Certificates to the producers for the e-waste refurbished at their facility.
What is E-Waste?
E-Waste is an abbreviated term used to denote Electronic Waste including electronic products that are unwanted, not working, and nearing or at the end of their “useful life.” Computers, TV Sets, stereos, photocopy machines, and printers are everyday electronic products.
According to the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022 'E-Waste' means any electrical and electronic equipment, whose life has been ended or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejected from the manufacturing industry, refurbishment industry, and repair processes.
Who is a Refurbisher?
According to the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022 “Refurbishment” is a process in which improvement of used electrical and electronic equipment as listed in Schedule I for extending its shelf life for its originally supposed use and distribute constant within the market or returning to the owner is carried out.
A refurbisher is a person who will carry out the whole process of refurbishment in his/her business premises.
E-Waste Production Scenario
Electronic waste is spreading a very serious public health and environmental issue in India. India is the third largest electronic waste producer in the world. It is producing lakhs of tonnes of waste every year and the year-on-year increase is above 30 per cent. Along with the production, the import of electronic items also contributes to the e-waste generation in the country. The import of electronic devices is also increasing to satisfy the demand in the country.
Different category electronic items contribute to E-Waste annually, Personal Computing Devices account for around 70% of e-waste, the telecom sector accounts for 12% of e-waste, 8% from medical equipment, and 7% from electric equipment. The Government division, public division companies, and private division companies produce nearly 75% of electronic waste, with the contribution of individual households only 16%.