Step 1: The invention (idea or concept) must be written down with as many details as possible
The inventor or authorized person is required to collect all the information about invention such as the :
The area of invention
The description of the invention
How does the invention works
The advantages of the invention
Step 2: The inventor must include drawings, diagrams or sketches explaining the working of the invention
The diagrammatic form must be illustrated in such a way that It helps to explain the working of the invention in a better way with visual illustrations. These play an important role in the patent application.
Step 3: The inventor is required to check whether the invention is a patentable subject matter or not
This is because all the inventions may not be patentable, as per the Indian Patent Act, 1970; there are certain inventions that are not patentable.
Step 4: Patentability search
The inventor needs to find out whether his invention meets all the patentability criteria as per the Indian patent act or not. The needs that are required to be checked are:
The patentability opinion is provided by the patent professionals by conducting an extensive search and forming the patentability report.
Step 5: The inventor is then required to Draft a patent application
In case if the inventor is at a very early stage in the research and development for his invention, then he can go a for a provisional application. It gives him the following benefits:
After filing the provisional patent application, The inventor secures the filing date which is very crucial in the patent world. The inventor gets 12 months of time to come up with the complete specification and upon expiry of 12 months, the patent application will be abandoned.
When the inventor completes the required documents and his research work is at a level where he can have prototype and experimental results to prove his inventive step then he can file complete specification with the patent application.
Step 6: The investor then has to do Publication of the application
Upon the filing of the complete specification along with the application for the patent, the application is published only after 18 months of the first filing.
An early publication request can although be made along with the prescribed fees if the inventor does not wish to wait till the expiry of the 18 months period from the date of filing for publishing his patent application.
Step 7: Request for examination
The patent application is examined only after when a request for the examination that is RFE is received. When the controller receives this request, the patent application which is given by the inventor to the controller gives this to a patent examiner who examines the patent application with different patentability criteria like:
The examiner will firstly create a first examination report of the patent application after it reviews it based on the above terms. This process is called as patent prosecution. The first examination report is submitted to the controller by the examiner which generally contains the prior arts (existing documents before the date of filing) which are similar to that of the claimed invention, and it is same like that which is reported to the patent applicant.
Step 8: The inventor is then required to respond to the objections
Based on the examination report the majority of patent applicants receive some type of objections. The best thing which the patent applicant has to do is that he must analyze the examination report with the patent professional (patent agent) and then create a response to the objections which are raised in the examination report.
This gives a chance to the inventor to communicate his novelty over the prior arts that are found in the examination report. The inventor and the patent agent create and send a response to the examination who then proves it to the controller that his invention is indeed patentable and that it satisfies all the patentability criteria’s.
Step 9: Clearing all the objections
The communication that is between the controller and the patent applicant is to ensure that all the objections that are raised in the patent application are resolved and if the objections in the patent application are not cleared then it will not be granted. The inventor has a fair chance to prove his point and to establish a novelty and take an inventive step over the existing prior arts.
Step 10: The grant of a patent
The application would then be placed in order to give the grant once it is found that the patent application meets all the patentability requirements. The grant of a patent is then notified in the patent journal which is published from time to time.
A patent is a legal protection that permits its holder, for a limited period, the right to exclude others from misusing (making, using, selling, importing) the patented invention, except with the agreement of the owner of the patent.
A patent is a form of 'industrial property', which can be assigned, transferred, licensed or used by the owner.
Patents are territorial in effect e.g., an Indian patent is only valid in India.
Indian patents, in common with most jurisdictions, have a maximum lifespan of twenty years. To maintain a patent in force, a small annual renewal fee must be paid each year from the third year.
Patent Pending is often used to alert competitors that an application has already been made to protect the invention .It also describes an application that has been filed with the patent office but has not allotted as a patent. Patent pending protects the inventor, but whether a patent will be even issued, is still undetermined.
Only an inventor can apply for a patent. In case if there are two or more than two people participating in the creation of an invention, as per law, all participants have to apply for a patent as a joint inventor. If a person is making only a financial contribution to an invention, he/she can't be named as a joint inventor.
There are different types of patents, but the two following patents are the type entrepreneurs use most often:
1. Design Patent
It gives protection on appearance or ornamental design of your invention
To receive a design patent, your invention must pass these tests:
It must have a new, original and ornamental design.
The novel features of your design must not be obvious.
2. Utility patent
It protects the function or method of one’s invention.
To obtain a utility patent, the invention must pass four tests:
Statutory-class test. Your invention must be a process, a machine, manufacture, composition or a "new use" of any one or more of these taxonomies.
Utility test. Your invention must solve a purpose and considered as useful.
Novelty test. Your invention has a unique feature that sets it apart from any previous inventions in the same field.
Non obviousness test. Your invention's novelty must not be common to someone who has usual skill in the area of your invention. For example, if your invention is a computer chip, the uniqueness of its features must not be similar to another computer chip performing the same task.
Patents may be granted for inventions in any field of technology, from a small daily use product to quantum computing technology. An invention can be a product or can be a process.