The Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) is an autonomous regulatory body established on 1.06.1991, by the Delhi Government under the supervision of Central Pollution Control Board. The Central Pollution Control Board has delegated all its powers and function to DPCC. It is an organization with the main motto to create awareness about sustainable development by ensuring improvement in “environment quality” of National capital Region through the contribution of all the stakeholders.
Impact of pollution in Delhi
The industries and conveyance pollutants have damaging effects on human health and ecology. The human health effects of pollution vary within the degree of severity, covering a variety of minor effects to serious ill health, even premature death in some cases. These polluting area units are believed to directly have an effect on the metastasis and vessel systems, particularly, high levels of pollutant and suspended particulate area units are related to multiplied mortality, morbidity and impaired respiratory organ operate.
Objectives of DPCC
- Sustainable Development: Sustainable development is a wide concept that balances the need for economic growth with environmental protection and social equity.
- Prevention: Prevention of natural resources.
- Waste Management: Effective Waste Management is a great source to protect the environment.
- Consumer Awareness: Pollution can be reduced by awareness such as by convincing the general public to use CFL, paper bags, public transport and not to use firecrackers.
- Compliance: DPCC laid down some guidelines for industries and Health care establishments to reduce environmental Pollutants in Delhi as per the Master Plan Delhi 2021.
Main Functions of the DPCC
- Provide recommendations to the Delhi Government on any matter concerning prevention and control of water and air pollution.
- Organize the consumer awareness programs on the prevention and control of air and water pollution and waste management through mass media.
- Collect, compile and prepare technical and statistical data related to air and water pollution.
- Lay down the standard of sewage and trade effluents and for emission from industrial plant, automobiles and Health Care establishments.
- To help with the development of new technology for the treatment of sewage, trade effluents and control equipment.
- Issuance of consent certificate to industries falling in different categories such as Red, Orange, Green, and White.
- Issuance of the Authorization to industries and health care establishments, falling in Bio-Medical Waste Authorization, Hazardous Waste Management Authorization, Plastic Waste Management, Battery Waste Management and E-waste Authorization.
DPCC Categories & Classification
The industries in Delhi have been classified in Red, Orange, Green, and white category as per the list, indicating the classification of 649 industries as per new guidelines.
The industries categorized under Red, Orange and Green category need to apply for Consent to Establish (CTE) and Consent to Operate (CTO) under the Air & Water Act. The industries categorized under white category are not required to obtain Consent to establish and operate, it is required only to intimate Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) within 30 days from Establishment of business with an undertaking.
- Red Category- 73 Industries
- Orange Category- 253 Industries
- Green category- 120 Industries
- White Category- 203 industries
The following areas have been classified by Master Plan Delhi 2021, which is the main parameter of issuing Consent to established and Consent to operate
- Industrial area
- Non-industrial area
- Redevelopment area