Request
Callback


What is Bio-Medical Waste?

Bio-Medical waste refers to any kind of waste that includes infectious material (or substance that’s possibly infectious). This classification includes waste generated by healthcare facilities like hospitals, physician’s offices, dental practices, medical research facilities, laboratories, and veterinary clinics.

 

Bio-Medical waste can hold bodily fluids like blood or other contaminants Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 notified by the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. These rules apply to all persons who generate, collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose, or handle bio medical waste in any form including hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, dispensaries, veterinary institutions, animal houses, pathological laboratories, blood banks, ayush hospitals, clinical establishments, research or educational institutions, health camps, medical or surgical camps, vaccination camps, blood donation camps, first aid rooms of schools, forensic laboratories and research labs.

 

Examples of Medical Waste?

  • Everything that is saturated in blood (gauze, gloves, gowns etc.)
  • Animal or human tissues originated during procedures
  • Cultures of infectious agents/diseases
  • Waste formed in patient’s rooms with infectious diseases
  • Waste vaccines

Bio Medical Waste Segregation Method & Categories

Generally, it becomes difficult task to identify and segregate every item of medical waste form solid waste stream. Thus, the medical waste is characterized into groups, which are amenable to specific treatments/disposal procedures. According to Bio-Medical waste (management and handling) rules, 1998, the bio-medical waste has been band together into following categories:

 

YELLOW - Category

A) Human Anatomical Waste

Description: Human tissues, organs, body parts and fetus below the viability period (as per the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971, amended from time to time).

  • Type of Bag/Container: Yellow coloured non-chlorinated plastic bags
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: Incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or deep burial*

 

B) Animal Anatomical  Waste

Description: Experimental animal carcasses, body parts, organs, tissues, including the waste generated from animals used in experiments or testing in veterinary hospitals or colleges or animal houses

  • Type of Bag/Container: Yellow coloured non-chlorinated plastic bags
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: Incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or deep burial*

 

C) Soiled Waste

Description: Items contaminated with blood, body flu ids like dressings, plaster casts, cotton swabs and bags containing residual or discarded blood and blood components.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Yellow coloured non-chlorinated plastic bags
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: Incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or deep burial* In absence of above facilities, autoclaving or micro-waving/hydroclaving followed by shredding or mutilation or combination of sterilization and shredding. Treated waste to be sent for energy recovery.

 

D) Expired or Discard medicines

Description: Pharmaceutical waste like antibiotics, cytotoxic drugs including all items contaminated with cytotoxic drugs along with glass or plastic ampoules, vials etc.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Yellow coloured non-chlorinated plastic bags or containers
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: Expired `cytotoxic drugs and items contaminated with cytotoxic drugs to be returned back to the manufacturer or supplier for incineration at temperature >1200 0C or to common bio-medical waste treatment facility or hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facility for incineration at >12000C Or Encapsulation or Plasma Pyrolysis at >12000C. All other discarded medicines shall be either sent back to manufacturer or disposed by incineration.

 

E) Chemical Waste

Description: Chemicals used in production of biological and used or discarded disinfectants.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Yellow coloured containers or non-chlorinated plastic bags
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: Disposed of by incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or Encapsulation in hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facility.

 

F) Chemical Liquid Waste

Description: Liquid waste generated due to use of chemicals in production of biological and used or discarded disinfectants, Silver X-ray film developing liquid, discarded Formalin, infected secretions, aspirated body fluids, liquid from laboratories and floor washings, cleaning, house-keeping and disinfecting activities etc.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Separate collection system leading to effluent treatment system
  • Treatment and Disposal Options: After resource recovery, the chemical liquid waste shall be pre-treated before mixing with other wastewater. The combined discharge shall conform to the discharge norms given in Schedule- III.

 

G) Discarded linen, mattresses

Description: Beddings contaminated with blood or body fluid.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Non-chlorinated yellow plastic bags or suitable packing material
  • Treatment and Disposal Options:  Non- chlorinated chemical disinfection followed by incineration or Plazma Pyrolysis or for energy recovery. In absence of above facilities, shredding or mutilation or combination of sterilization and shredding. Treated waste to be sent for energy recovery or incineration or Plazma Pyrolysis.

 

H) Microbiology, Biotechnology & other clinical laboratory waste

Description: Blood bags, Laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of microorganisms, live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell cultures used in research, industrial laboratories, production of biological, residual toxins, dishes and devices used for cultures. 

  • Type of Bag/Container: Autoclave safe plastic bags or containers
  • Treatment and Disposal Options:  Pre-treat to sterilize with nonchlorinated chemicals on-site as per National AIDS Control Organisation or World Health Organisation guidelines thereafter for Incineration.


RED - Category 


A) Contaminated Waste (Recyclable)

Description: Waste generated from disposable items such as I.V. Set, I.V. bottles, intravenous tubes and sets, catheters,tubing, urine bags, syringes (without needle and fixed needle syringes) and vaccutainers with their needles cut and gloves.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Red coloured non-chlorinated plastic bags or containers
  • Treatment and Disposal Options:  Autoclaving or micro-waving/ hydroclaving followed by shredding or mutilation or combination of sterilization and shredding. Treated waste to be sent to registered or authorized recyclers or for energy recovery or plastics to diesel or fuel oil or for road making, whichever is possible. Plastic waste should not be sent to landfill sites.

 

White - Category (Translucent)


A) Waste sharps including Metals

Description: Needles, syringes with fixed needles, needles from needle tip cutter or burner, scalpels, blades, or any other contaminated sharp object that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used, discarded and contaminated metal sharps

  • Type of Bag/Container: Puncture proof, Leak proof, tamper proof containers
  • Treatment and Disposal Options:  Autoclaving or Dry Heat Sterilization followed by shredding or mutilation or encapsulation in metal container or cement concrete; combination of shredding cum autoclaving; and sent for final disposal to iron foundries (having consent to operate from the State Pollution Control Boards or Pollution (Control Committees) or sanitary and fill or designated concrete waste sharp pit.

 

BLUE - Category

 

A) Glassware

Description: Broken or discarded and contaminated glass including medicine vials and ampoules except those contaminated with cytotoxic wastes.

  • Type of Bag/Container: Cardboard boxes with blue colored marking
  • Treatment and Disposal Options:  Disinfection (by soaking the washed glass waste after cleaning with detergent and Sodium Hypochlorite treatment) or through autoclaving or microwaving or hydroclaving and then sent for recycling.

 

B) Metallic Body Implants

Type of Bag/Container: Cardboard boxes with blue colored marking

Standards For Treatment of Biomedical Waste | Biomedical Waste Disposal

1) Standards for Incineration

 

A) Operating Standards:

All incinerators shall meet the following operating and emission standards-

  •  The Combustion efficiency is computed as follows.

  •  Combustion efficiency (CE) shall be at least 99.00%.

                  %C02
       C.E. = ------------ X 100
             %C02 + % CO

  • The temperature of the primary chamber shall be a minimum of 800 0C and the secondary chamber shall be minimum of 10500C + or - 500C.

  • The secondary chamber gas residence time shall be at least two seconds.

 

B) Emission Standards

 

Parameter

Standards 
Limiting

(Concentration in mg Nm3 unless stated)

Sampling Duration

(in minutes, unless stated)

Particulate matter 50 30 or 1NM3 of sample volume, whichever is more
Nitrogen Oxides NO and NO2 expressed asNO2 400 30 for online sampling or grab sample
HCl 50 30 or 1NM3 of sample volume, whichever is more
Total Dioxins and Furans 0.1ngTEQ/Nm3 (at 11% O2) 8 hours or 5NM3 of sample volume, whichever is more
Hg and its compounds 0.05 2 hours or 1NM3 of sample volume, whichever is more

 

B) Stack Height:

Minimum stack height shall be 30 meters above the ground and shall be attached with the necessary monitoring facilities as per the requirement of monitoring of ‘general parameters’ as notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and in accordance with the Central Pollution Control Board Guidelines of Emission Regulation Part-III.

 

Note:

  • The existing incinerators shall comply with the above within a period of two years from the date of the notification.

  • The existing incinerators shall comply with the standards for Dioxins and Furans of 0.1ngTEQ/Nm3, as given below within two years from the date of commencement of these rules.

  •  All upcoming common bio-medical waste treatment facilities having incineration facility or captive incinerator shall comply with standards for Dioxins and Furans.

  • The existing secondary combustion chambers of the incinerator and the pollution control devices shall be suitably retrofitted, if necessary, to achieve the emission limits.

  • Wastes to be incinerated shall not be chemically treated with any chlorinated disinfectants.

  • Ash from incineration of biomedical waste shall be disposed of at common hazardous waste treatment and disposal facility. However, it may be disposed of in municipal landfill, if the toxic metals in incineration ash are within the regulatory quantities as defined under the Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008 as amended from time to time.

  • Only low Sulphur fuel like Light Diesel Oil or Low Sulphur Heavy Stock or Diesel, Compressed Natural Gas, Liquefied Natural Gas or Liquefied Petroleum Gas shall be used as fuel in the incinerator.

  • The occupier or operator of a common bio-medical waste treatment facility shall monitor the stack gaseous emissions (under optimum capacity of the incinerator) once in three months through a laboratory approved under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and record of such analysis results shall be maintained and submitted to the prescribed authority. In case of dioxins and furans, monitoring should be done once in a year.

  • The occupier or operator of the common bio-medical waste treatment facility shall install continuous emission monitoring system for the parameters as stipulated by State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committees in authorisation and transmit the data real time to the servers at State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committees and Central Pollution Control Board.

  • All monitored values shall be corrected to 11% Oxygen on dry basis.

  • Incinerators (combustion chambers) shall be operated with such temperature, retention time and turbulence, as to achieve Total Organic Carbon content in the slag and bottom ashes less than 3% or their loss on ignition shall be less than 5% of the dry weight.

  • The occupier or operator of a common bio-medical waste incinerator shall use combustion gas analyzer to measure CO2, CO and O2.

 

2) Standards for Disposal by Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification

A) Operating Standards:

  • All the operators of the Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification shall meet the following operating and emission

  • standards:

  1. Combustion Efficiency (CE) shall be at least 99.99%.
  2. The Combustion Efficiency is computed as follows.

                                   % CO2

              C.E =    ……………………… X 100

                            (% CO2 + % CO)

  • The temperature of the combustion chamber after plasma gasification shall be 1050 ± 50 o C with gas residence time of at least 2(two) second, with minimum 3 % Oxygen in the stack gas.

  • The Stack height should be minimum of 30 m above ground level and shall be attached with the necessary monitoring facilities as per requirement of monitoring of ‘general parameters’ as notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and in accordance with the CPCB

 

B) Guidelines of Emission Regulation Part-III.

  • Air Emission Standards and Air Pollution Control Measures

       1)  Emission standards for incinerator, notified at Sl No.1 above in this Schedule, and revised from time to time, shall be applicable for the Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification also.

     2) Suitably designed air pollution control devices shall be installed or retrofitted with the ‘Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification to achieve the above emission limits, if necessary.

   3)Wastes to be treated using Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification shall not be chemically treated with any chlorinated disinfectants and chlorinated plastics shall not be treated in the system.

  • Disposal of Ash Vitrified Material: The ash or vitrified material generated from the ‘Plasma Pyrolysis or Gasification shall be disposed off in accordance with the Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules 2008 and revisions made thereafter in case the constituents exceed the limits prescribed under Schedule II of the said Rules or else in accordance with the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, whichever is applicable.

 

3) Standards for Autoclaving of Bio-Medical Waste

The autoclave should be dedicated for the purposes of disinfecting and treating bio-medical waste.

  • When operating a gravity flow autoclave, medical waste shall be subjected to:

  1.  A temperature of not less than 121° C and pressure of 15 pounds per square inch (psi) for an autoclave residence time of not less than 60 minutes; or
  2. A temperature of not less than 135° C and a pressure of 31 psi for an autoclave residence time of not less than 45 minutes; or

  3. A temperature of not less than 149° C and a pressure of 52 psi for an autoclave residence time of not less than 30 minutes.

  • When operating a vacuum autoclave, medical waste shall be subjected to a minimum of three pre-vacuum pulse to purge the autoclave of all air. The air removed during the pre-vacuum, cycle should be decontaminated by means of HEPA and activated carbon filtration, steam treatment, or any other method to prevent release of pathogen. The waste shall be subjected to the following:

    1. a temperature of not less than 121°C and pressure of 15 psi per an autoclave residence time of not less than 45 minutes; or

    2. a temperature of not less than 135°C and a pressure of 31 psi for an autoclave residence time of not less than 30 minutes;

  • Medical waste shall not be considered as properly treated unless the time, temperature and pressure indicators indicate that the required time, temperature and pressure were reached during the autoclave process. If for any reasons, time temperature or pressure indicator indicates that the required temperature, pressure or residence time was not reached, the entire load of medical waste must be autoclaved again until the proper temperature, pressure and residence time were achieved.

  • Recording of operational parameters: Each autoclave shall have graphic or computer recording devices which will automatically and continuously monitor and record dates, time of day, load identification number and operating parameters throughout the entire length of the autoclave cycle.

  • Validation test for autoclave: The validation test shall use four biological indicator strips, one shall be used as a control and left at room temperature, and three shall be placed in the approximate center of three containers with the waste. Personal protective equipment (gloves, face mask and coveralls) shall be used when opening containers for the purpose of placing the biological indicators. At least one of the containers with a biological indicator should be placed in the most difficult location for steam to penetrate, generally the bottom center of the waste pile. The occupier or operator shall conduct this test three consecutive times to define the minimum operating conditions. The temperature, pressure and residence time at which all biological indicator vials or strips for three consecutive tests show complete inactivation of the spores shall define the minimum operating conditions for the autoclave. After determining the minimum temperature, pressure and residence time, the occupier or operator of a common biomedical waste treatment facility shall conduct this test once in three months and records in this regard shall be maintained.

  • Routine Test: A chemical indicator strip or tape that changes colour when a certain temperature is reached can be used to verify that a specific temperature has been achieved. It may be necessary to use more than one strip over the waste package at different locations to ensure that the inner content of the package has been adequately autoclaved. The occupier or operator of a common bio medical waste treatment facility shall conduct this test during autoclaving of each batch and records in this regard shall be maintained.

  • Spore testing: The autoclave should completely and consistently kill the approved biological indicator at the maximum design capacity of each autoclave unit. Biological indicator for autoclave shall be Geobacillusstearothermophilus spores using vials or spore Strips; with at least 1X106 spores. Under no circumstances will an autoclave have minimum operating parameters less than a residence time of 30 minutes, a temperature less than 121o C or a pressure less than 15 psi. The occupier or operator of a common bio medical waste treatment and disposal facility shall conduct this test at least once in every week and records in this regard shall be maintained.

 

4. Standards of Microwavin

  • Microwave treatment shall not be used for cytotoxic, hazardous or radioactive wastes, contaminated animal carcasses, body parts and large metal items.

  • The microwave system shall comply with the efficacy test or routine tests and a performance guarantee may be provided by the supplier before operation of the limit.

  • The microwave should completely and consistently kill the bacteria and other pathogenic organisms that are ensured by approved biological indicator at the maximum design capacity of each microwave unit. Biological indicators for microwave shall be Bacillus atrophaeusspores using vials or spore strips with at least 1 x 104sporesper detachable strip. The biological indicator shall be placed with waste and exposed to same conditions as the waste during a normal treatment cycle.

5. Standards for Deep Burial.

  • A pit or trench should be dug about two meters deep. It should be half filled with waste, then covered with lime within 50 cm of the surface, before filling the

  • rest of the pit with soil.

  • It must be ensured that animals do not have any access to burial sites. Covers of galvanised iron or wire meshes may be used.

  • On each occasion, when wastes are added to the pit, a layer of 10 cm of soil shall be added to cover the wastes.

  • Burial must be performed under close and dedicated supervision.

  • The deep burial site should be relatively impermeable and no shallow well should be close to the site.

  • The pits should be distant from habitation, and located so as to ensure that no contamination occurs to surface water or ground water. The area should not be prone to flooding or erosion.

  • The location of the deep burial site shall be authorised by the prescribed authority.

  • The institution shall maintain a record of all pits used for deep burial.

  • The ground water table level should be a minimum of six meters below the lower level of deep burial pit.

 

6. Standards for Efficacy of Chemical Disinfection

Microbial inactivation efficacy is equated to “Log10 kill” which is defined as the difference between the logarithms of number of test microorganisms before and after chemical treatment. Chemical disinfection methods shall demonstrate a 4 Log10 reduction or greater for Bacillus Subtilis (ATCC 19659) in chemical treatment systems.

 

7. Standards for Dry Heat Sterilization

Waste sharps can be treated by dry heat sterilization at a temperature not less than 1850C, at least for a residence period of 150 minutes in each cycle, which sterilization period of 90 minutes. There should be automatic recording system to monitor operating parameters.

  1. Validation test for Shaprs sterilization unit

    • Waste shaprs sterilization unit should completely and consistently kill the biological indicator GeobacillusStearothermophillus or Bacillus Atropheausspoers using vials with at least log10 6 spores per ml. The test shall be carried out once in three months

  2.  Routine test

    • A chemical indicator strip or tape that changes colour when a certain temperature is reached can be used to verify that a specific temperature has been achieved. It may be necessary to use more than one strip over the waste to ensure that the inner content of the sharps has been adequately disinfected. This test shall be performed once in week and records in this regard shall be maintained.

8. Standards for Liquid Waste

The effluent generated or treated from the premises of occupier or operator of a common biomedical waste treatment and disposal facility, before discharge into the sewer should conform to the following limits-

                     PARAMETERS                                                 PERMISSIBLE LIMITS

                     pH                                                                      6.5-9.0

                     Suspended solids                                          100 mg/l

                     Oil and grease                                                10 mg/l

                     BOD                                                                   30 mg/l

                     COD                                                                   250 mg/l

                     Bio-assay test                                                  90% survival of fish after 96 hours in                                                                                                            100% effluent.

Sludge from Effluent Treatment Plant shall be given to common bio-medical waste treatment facility for incineration or to hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facility for disposal.

Documents Required For Biomedical Waste Authorization / Certification

For Proprietory | Partnership Concern

  • Proprietor Adhaar Card + PAN Card

  • Rent/Lease/proof of ownership of site

  • MCD License

  • Electricity Bill

  • Waste Collection Agreement

 

For Private Ltd | Public Ltd Company 

  •  All the above

  • Certificate of Incorporation (CIN)

  • MOA

  • Company PAN Card

  • Board Declaration for Authorized Signatory

faq FAQ`s

At Corpseed, we are committed to offer our services to the entrepreneurs and businesses as a very cost-effective proposition. We believe that a customer is always right and the focus of any business activity should be to serve the customer with utmost loyalty. All our services come with SLAs (Service Level Agreements) for on-time service delivery and money back guarantee to ensure high level of customer satisfaction.

At Corpseed, our valued customers are always kept in the loop as far as service delivery timeline is concerned and we inform our customers every time a milestone is achieved during each stage of service request processing. But we also believe that we may come across a customer who is not satisfied with our efforts. For that we have a very responsive Customer Care Department which work 24x7 to attend to and solve customer complaints. We also have a money back guarantee for those, who want their service charges to be refunded.

At Corpseed, We believe it is our responsibility to protect our customer information from unauthorized access. We have put systems and processes in place to make sure that the customer information is safe with us during its storage and transfer between in house and third party servers. We continuously test our systems and processes for security breach and vulnerabilities are identified and fixed at a regular basis.

If a customer is not satisfied with the service we provided and if he contacts our customer care helpline and files a formal complaint within 15 days of service delivery date, Corpseed would refund the entire or partial amount of Professional Fee charged for that particular service.

If a customer is having issues with our service delivery process, he has various alternatives available at his disposal to register his grievance with us. He can either email his complaint at complaints@corpseed.com or he can call our 24x7 Customer Care Helpline. Also, any customer is always welcome to visit our office to lodge a complaint with the senior management.

A customer can buy our services directly from our online platform, for which he need to make online payment. Once he clicks on "Apply Now", a new window will open, a customer is required to submit the information in the respective fields and click "Make Payment". A unique ticket number will be auto generated, the customer need to quote this number as reference for any enquiry regarding his service request.

All the monetary transactions performed on Corpseed online platform are secured with SSL System Protocol. We encrypt the customer information such as credit card and bank account details, before these are transmitted anywhere. We adhere to PCI DSS for data security standards for payment processing.

It`s Time to Change

Compliance Officer

chnage compliance officer
  • Get 1 months free compliance support
  • 24/7 Expert Advice anytime anywhere
  • 200+ Top CA/CS/Legal Team

Latest News

Customer Review

Our Valuable Clients

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

How can we help you?

Stay update with us

Get helpful tips and info from our newsletter!