Many places in India are facing water crisis, it has become major problem for governments. Government’s own data states that residents in 22 out of 32 major cities have to deal with daily water shortages. As per NITI AYOG Report- Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. The crisis is only getting worse. By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual 6% loss in the country’s GDP. As per the report of National Commission for Integrated Water Resource Development, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India the water requirement by 2050 in high use scenario is likely to be 1,180 BCM (Billion cubic Meter), whereas the present-day availability is 695 BCM. The total availability of water possible in the country is still lower than this projected demand, at 1,137 BCM. Thus, there is an imminent need to deepen our understanding of our water resources and usage and put in place interventions that make our water use efficient and sustainable.
The National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog has developed the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) to enable effective water management in Indian states in the face of this growing crisis.
For effective and efficient water management, the Government of India established Central Ground Water Authority under sec 3(3) of the Environment Protection Act 1986, in pursuance of the order of the Hon”ble Supreme Court of India, it has been regulating ground water development and management in the country.
Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has defined guidelines for grant of No Objection Certificate (NOC) for Individual Household Purposes and for Infrastructure, Mining and others Industrial Projects.
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All users drawing/ proposing to draw ground water through non- energized means and pump of up to 2 HP from a single tube well in their premises will be exempted from seeking NOC. However, those drawing/ proposing to draw ground water through pump of higher HP (horsepower) and/ or through more than one functional tube wells are required to seek NOC for ground water withdrawal from Central Ground Water Board (CGWB).
Individual households and builder flats other than Group Housing Schemes will be eligible to apply for NOC under this category. In case of builder flats in a single plot, any one representative of all the flat owners can apply for NOC. NOC for ground water Extraction shall be granted to Individual Households subjects to the following conditions:-
Application for NOC to Central Ground Water Board (CGWB)
NOC for new wells shall be granted only in such cases where public water supply system does not exist. Once the household is provided with public water supply, it is mandatory on the part of the user to bring it to the notice of the Authorized Officer.
NOC shall not be granted for new tube-well/bore-well, if any functional ground water abstraction structure already exists in the household
The owner of the tube-well shall undertake rain water harvesting measures in accordance with the Building Bye Laws/ State Government regulations in force. Alternatively, he/she will have to pay Water Conservation Fee in the State Governments Head of Account.
The NOC shall be valid for a period of 5 years from the date of issue or till such time public water supply is provided to the household, whichever is earlier. The applicant will have to apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.
If the existing well becomes defunct within the validity period of NOC, the user can construct a replacement well and intimate online regarding the same within 30 days of construction of well. The defunct well shall be properly sealed.
The NOC shall become void in case of change in land use of the property/ water use. It will then become mandatory for the owner to apply afresh for NOC.
Sale and supply of raw/unprocessed/untreated ground water by unauthorized agencies for commercial use is not permitted
No application for NOC shall be entertained without referral letters from the statutory authority
The referral letter shall contain verification on the quantum of water for the industry/project with detailed break up of ground water consumption, recycle & reuse of the waste water, so that the wastage of the precious resource can be avoided. In case this is not given by the referral authority, applicant should obtain a letter from the Industries Department/ Project Sanctioning Authority/ local municipal authority in urban areas on the same line
No permission would be required for withdrawal of ground water from any area if withdrawal is done through non-energized means
Mandatory clause on rain water harvesting may be relaxed in case of water logged/shallow water level (< 5 m bgl during post monsoon or as per state policy) areas
Contaminated/ treated water shall not be used for recharge to ground water. The treated water should be fully used by the proponent or any other agency, who can utilize it without contaminating the underlying aquifer / water bodies
Abstraction structure should be located inside the premises of project property
The general guidelines for the ground water level monitoring and construction of piezometers for this purpose must be satisfied.
The owner of the land/ premises, before taking any steps for constructing bore well/ tube well must inform in writing to the concerned authorities in the area, i.e., District Collector/ District Magistrate/ Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat/ any other Statutory Authority/ concerned officers of the Department of Ground Water/ Public Health/ Municipal Corporation, as the case may be , about the construction of bore well/ tube well
Erection of signboard at the time of construction near the well with the following details:-
Complete address of the drilling agency at the time of construction/ rehabilitation of well.
Complete address of the user agency/ owner of the well
Erection of barbed wire fencing or any other suitable barrier around the well during construction.
Construction of cement/ concrete platform measuring 0.50x0.50x0.60 meter (0.30 meter above ground level and 0.30 meter below ground level) around the well casing
In case of pump repair, the tube well should not be left uncovered.
After expiry of validity of NOC, it shall be renewed subject to compliance of the conditions mentioned in the NOC
Brief about the project such as location details, coordinates, google/topsheet maps etc, demarcating the project area
Details of tubwells
Photographs of Project
Ground water quality data of samples collected during April/ May and November for the tubewells/ borewells and piezometers constructed within the project area.
Monthly Water level data for the piezometers constructed within the project area
If the proponent is unable to construct tubewell/ tubewells as granted in the NOC during the validity period for some genuine reasons, the proponent will have to apply for extension of NOC. Application for extension should be supported by documents justifying the reasons for delay. Other conditions for grant of extension of NOC will be the same as that for fresh NOC.
Extension of NOC will be granted by the Authorized Officer twice for a period of one year each. No further extension will be granted after the second extended year. In that case, the applicant will have to apply afresh for grant of NOC.
Proof of ownership of Households
Certificate from the water supply agency regarding non- availability of Public water supply to the area
Details of Applicant
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