The Food Safety & Standards Act was legislated by the Parliament of India in 2006. Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) was created to enforce the rules and regulations of the Food Safety & Standards Act 2006 (FSS Act 2006). The registration and licensing of food business in India is performed under the rules prescribed by the Food Safety and Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food Businesses) Regulations, 2011. All the business activities related to food business in India such as manufacturing, storage, transportation or distribution of food products, are required to apply and secure an FSSAI registration or an FSSAI License. Sometimes people are confused about this as they do not know the difference between FSSAI Registration and FSSAI License. This is explained below.
Every individual or Food Business Operator (FBO) who is in any way related to manufacturing, transportation, storage or distribution of food products must obtain FSSAI Registration or License. In India allotting registration certificate or license to food, business is governed by the Food Safety and Standards Regulations 2011. The size and nature of your business defines whether you have to obtain an FSSAI registration or FSSAI License.
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It's compulsory for all Petty food business operators to obtain FSSAI registration/basic license
FSSAI License is of two types as given below
State FSSAI License.
Central FSSAI License.
This license is to be obtained by any person or entity that does not fall under the criteria of petty food business operators. A person/Business unit or entity has to obtain State FSSAI License or Central FSSAI License depends on the size and nature of the business and the licensing authority may change accordingly.
FSSAI registration is required for a category of food business which is called petty food business. Petty food business or petty food operator is defined as an FBO who is a manufacturer or sells any article of food himself as a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or temporary stallholder. If an FBO distributes foods in any religious or social gathering and the turnover does not exceed Rs 12 lakhs. FBOs in this category are required to obtain an FSSAI registration by submitting an application for registration in Form A. FSSAI registration certificate contains the registration number and a photo of the applicant. FBO has to display this certificate at the place of food business at all times while carrying on the food business.
Any person or company which cannot be categorized as a petty food business operator is required to obtain an FSSAI license for operating a food business in India. An applicant can apply for an FSSAI license which is of two types, State FSSAI License and Central FSSAI License. Based on the annual turnover and presence in one or more states, FBOs need to apply for State or Central License. Any large food business which is manufacturing, processing, transporting and importing food products require central FSSAI license while medium-sized food manufacturers, processor, and transporters need a State License. The fee and process of obtaining an FSSAI license is more complex than securing an FSSAI registration. FSSAI license application is made in Form B while for FSSAI Registration, the applicant is required to fill Form A.
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