In accordance with the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Government of Tamil Nadu established the Tamil Nadu Prevention and Control of Water Pollution Board on February 27, 1982 (27-2-1982). (Central Act 6 of 1974). In 1983, the Board's name was changed to Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB). It carries out the requirements of the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981, and the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974.
On February 27, 1982, the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB) was founded. It operates with a Chennai head office, eight zonal offices, and 38 district offices. The Chairman runs the Board office, Joint Chief Environmental Engineers run the Zonal offices, District Environmental Engineers run the 38 District offices, and Assistant Environmental Engineers run the three AEE offices. Additionally, five flying squads led by environmental engineers are in operation in the cities of Chennai, Erode, Salem, Tiruppur, and Vellore.