RoHS stands for Reduction of Hazardous Substance. Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) producers need to fulfil RoHS compliance and the certificate is issued to the producer for the same after due RoHS Compliance Testing. The Testing involves various steps which confirm that the products manufactured align with the conditions as prescribed under the e-waste management rules and the European Union Directives on RoHS. The RoHS Compliance Testing is compulsory as the producers are prohibited from selling products in the market unless they follow the limitations imposed on the usage of Hazardous Substances.
What Products Require RoHS Compliance Testing?
The producers of electrical and electronic equipment need to get the RoHS Certification for which they need to go through the RoHS Compliance Testing. These EEE products are classified under the e-waste management rules and shall be treated in an environmentally safe and sound manner at the end of their life span. To further reduce the risk involved in e-waste management, the rules prescribe to minimise the use of hazardous substances in the manufacturing of these products. This rule is often referred to as RoHS Compliance which applies to the following electrical and electronic equipment-
- Information Technology and Telecommunication Equipment
- Consumer Electrical and Electronics
- Large and Small Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Electrical and Electronic Tools
- Toys Leisure and Sports Equipment
- Medical Devices
- Laboratory Instruments
There may be an exception for certain producers if they are involved in the manufacturing of products of national importance or products that require hazardous substances in more than the prescribed limit to function as intended. Some examples of such exceptions are military products, batteries and radioactive products. Apart from these, small businesses registered under the MSME Act are also exempted from complying with the provisions of RoHS Rules to support the growth of small businesses that play an important role in the economy of the country.