The Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board was established on February 7, 1975, in accordance with Section 4 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Its goals are the prevention and control of water pollution as well as the maintenance or restoration of water wholesomeness. Under the terms of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, it was later charged with the duties of prevention, control, and removal of air pollution. The State Board is now financially autonomous thanks to the 1977 passage of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act. This statute gives the State Board the authority to collect Cess based on the amount of water used by various industries, etc.
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, was passed, considerably to broaden the scope of the Board's operations. Due to this Act's status as an umbrella law, many rules have been adopted under it to handle the issues of various industries. The Environment Protection Act of 1986's rules are being implemented by the State Board.