In accordance with the provisions of Hazardous Waste Management laws, the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) serves as the nodal ministry for dealing with the transboundary movement of hazardous and other wastes. Every industry generates a significant amount of waste which is naturally released into the environment. All waste products discarded improperly may harm the natural essence of the environment. Among these wastes, there are a few classes categorized into those that can be lethal and pose a large threat to the safety of all living beings’ health as well as the environment. Such waste generated is known as Hazardous Waste. The country further follows completely separate legislation for the proper disposal and management of hazardous waste.
The Union Government established the MoEFCC to assess the impacts of things that can cause a threat to social health and factors leading to environmental pollution. As per the regulations of the Ministry, certain industrial and developmental undertakings need to undergo evaluation in order to receive environmental approval from the Central government. They include Hazardous Waste and in order to process imports and export regarding them, permission is required from the ministry. Anyone involved in the business needs to obtain clearance from the MoEFCC.
Why is a MoEFCC Registration Needed?
Hazardous Waste Management requires a strict check while collecting, handling, and disposing of waste that, if handled carelessly, can seriously harm the environment or human health and safety. Hazardous wastes are typically produced by chemical production, manufacturing, and other industrial activities. They can be solids, liquids, sludges, or enclosed gases. Inadequate operations for storage, transportation, treatment, or disposal could result in damage. Improper handling, storage, or disposal of hazardous material frequently causes harmful water pollution by contaminating groundwater and surface water supplies. It can also cause hazardous land contamination. Also, houses that are built next to old and abandoned garbage disposal facilities may put residents at risk. Hence the Government strictly controls the process of managing hazardous wastes in an effort to address current issues and avoid future harm.
The MoEFCC has been vested with granting such clearance and without it, the transboundary movement of Hazardous Waste is not permitted.