The Maharashtra Prevention of Water Pollution Act, 1969 provisions enabled the formation of the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board on September 7, 1970. On January 6, 1981, Maharashtra adopted the Water (P&CP) Act, 1974, a piece of federal provision on 1st June 1981. As a result, the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board was established in accordance with section 4 of the Water (P&CP) Act, 1974. In 1983, Maharashtra implemented the Air (P&CP) Act 1981, and on February 25, 1983, some areas were initially designated as Air Pollution Control Areas. Since 6th November 1996, the entire state of Maharashtra has been defined as an Air Pollution Control Area. In accordance with Section 5 of the Air (P&CP) Act of 1981, the Board also performs the duties of the State Board.
The Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) is a state government organization in India that is responsible for controlling and preventing air, water, and noise pollution in the state of Maharashtra. It was established in 1970 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.