An FSSAI license or food license is compulsory to run any food business in India. Foodservice license is valid for 1-5 years, at the end of the period of which, the license must be renewed or there is a penalty if the license is not renewed. The FSSAI renewal process can be completed 120 days before the expiry date of FSSAI registration or license.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an independent organization established under the auspices of the Department of Health and Family Welfare, the Government of India. FSSAI was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, which is a consolidation principle related to food safety and law in India. FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health by regulating and monitoring food safety.
The FSSAI is headed by a Non-Executive Chairperson, appointed by the Central Government, or holding or holding a non-Secretariat post in the Government of India. Rita Teaotia is the current chairperson of FSSAI and Shri Arun Singhal is the Chief Executive Officer of FSSAI.
FSSAI has its headquarters in New Delhi. The Authority also has six regional offices located in Delhi, Guwahati, Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochin, and Chennai. 14 referral laboratories were introduced by FSSAI, 72 Government / UT laboratories located throughout India, and 112 NABL accredited independent laboratories delivered by FSSAI.
FSSAI was established by the former Minister of Trade Unions Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, Government of India on 5 August 2011 under the Food Security and Standards Act, 2006 which came into effect in 2006. FSSAI has a chairperson and 22 members. FSSAI is responsible for setting food standards so that there is one body to deal with and no confusion in the minds of consumers, traders, producers, and investors.
The following are the statutory powers granted by the FSS Act, 2006 to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):
- Fencing of food safety standards
- Establish guidelines for accreditation of food testing labs.
- Provide scientific advice and technical support to Central Government.
- Contributing to the development of overseas food technology standards.
- Collecting and collecting data regarding food consumption, pollution, emerging hazards, etc.
- Disseminating information and promoting awareness of food safety and nutrition in India.
Standards designed by FSSAI are determined under Food Safety and Standards (Food and Supplementary Food Supplement) Regulation, 2011, Food Safety and Standards (Packing and Labeling) Regulation, 2011, and Food Safety and Standards (Pollution, Toxicity, and Residues) Regulations, 2011.
The FSSAI has Determined the Following Standards:
- Dairy products and analogs.
- Oils, oils, and oils emulsions
- Fruits and vegetable products
- Grain and grain products
- Meat and meat products
- Fish and fish products
- Sweets and liquids
- Sweetener agents include honey
- Salt, spices, condiments, and related products
- Beverages, (excluding milk and fruit and vegetable-based)
- Other food products and ingredients
- Properties of the property
- Food rays
- Consolidation of basic foods such as vegetable oil, milk, salt, rice, and wheat/maida flour
- Food consumption pattern
- New food products and additives
- Changes in processing technologies leading to altered specifications
- Advances in food analysis methods
- The identification of new risks or other control options.
The development of standards for any food article under the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006, includes several stages. After consideration by the Food Authority, draft standards are published (Draft notified), inviting participants' views. As India has signed to the WTO-SPS Committee, the Draft Standard is also introduced to the WTO. Thereafter, taking into account the comments received from the participants, the Standard is finalized and published in the Indian Gazette, and applied.
The energy and nutrients to any human body come from food. The proper food keeps the human body healthy and active to learn, think, move and work. The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 was enacted to ensure that the food we eat after purchasing from the market is acceptable and good for human consumption. This Act regulates and frames laws for the import, distribution, storage, sale, and manufacturing of food.