The Wireless Planning & Coordination (WPC) department was created in 1952. It was created under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. WPC is the national radio regulatory apex body of the Government of India and is accountable for planning, regulating, and managing the limited resources of Radio Frequency (RF) spectrum and associated satellite orbits, including geo-stationary satellite orbit as well as licensing of wireless stations in the country under the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933 (IWTA 1933), and the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (ITA 1885) as statutory obligations. It also facilitates the licensing and other functions to manage government as well as private wireless users.
Products with radio, wireless or both functionalities which are manufactured or imported in India must have an (ETA) equipment type approval certificate from the (WPC) Wireless Planning and Coordination wing of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. This includes products with Transceivers, transmitters, receivers, Bluetooth, Wireless blue-tooth watches, radio frequency identification (RFID) tags and readers, wireless mouse and keypads, small digital radios, wireless medical products used for patient profiling laptops, wireless home appliances, wireless water heaters, wireless car radio, mobile phones, remote key for entry, wireless headphones and/or earplugs, wireless music players, wireless remotes, and any other radio frequency modules. Generally, approval is based on the examination of radio frequency (RF) test reports and approval certificates. Radio devices operating in licensed frequency bands require a separate set of licenses.
WPC and its Divisions
WPC is divided into three major sections as mentioned below:
- Licensing and Regulation (LR),
- New Technology Group (NTG) and
- Standing Advisory Committee on Radio Frequency Allocation (SACFA)